Paintings done on wet plaster walls.
Greek word for city-state which developed around a central fort.
Hill or mountain in Greece that included a fort as well as temples and other public buildings.
Marketplace in a city-state in Greece.
Traditional Stories about gods, goddesses, and heros.
Special places where the ancient Greeks believed gods spoke through priests or priest esses.
Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
Heavily armed greek infantry who carried long spears and fought in closely spaced rows.
In ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but ruled with people's support; later became to refer to rulers who excersise brutal and oppressive powers.
Idea that people can and should rule themselves.
Government in which citizens take part.
Conquered people of the Peloponnesus, who became the lowest class in Spartan history.
Five officials in ancient Sparta who were elected for one year terms to make sure the king stayed within law.
People living in Athens who were not Athenian citizens who could work and paid taxes but were not allowed to own land or take part in government.
Rulers in ancient Athens who served one-year terms.
Form of democracy in which all citizens participate directly in making decisions.
Form of government in which citizens elect representatives to run the government for them, rather than each citizen serving directly.
Carving small, flat poles of land from hillsides for farming.
Good or service from another country/region.
Good or service going to another country/region.
A male slave in ancient Greece who taught young boys manners.
Study of what is good and bad, and moral duty.
Study of public speaking and debating.