Contains a Subject and a Verb
can stand alone and be a sentence
cannot stand alone
Begin and answer the question
When~while, when, whenever, as, before, after, since, until
Where~ where, wherever
Why~Because, since, as, so that
How~as if, as though
On what condition~ if, unless, though, although
Relative Pronouns: who, whose, whom, which, that
Relative adverbs: where, when, why
relative pronouns who, whose, whom, which, what, ever form
relative adverbs: why, where, when and how
relative adjectives: whose, which, whichever, what
Subordinating Conjuctions: that, the fact that, if and whether
no subject OR verb and acts as one part of speech
to + verb (active) (used as a noun, adjective and adverb)
present participle, ing of verb thats used as a noun: DO, OP. SN, IO.
Present Participle phrase
pres. par. using ing. used as an adjective
Past Participle phrase
ed or irregular verb form. used as and adjective.
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