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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Binomial system of nomenclature
  2. Phylogeny
  3. Form genus
  4. Common ancestor
  5. Paraphyletic group
  1. a : a system providing scientific names to organisms, each name consists of the genous name and the speciec epithet
  2. b genus based on a character that is not a reliable indicator of evolutionary relationships, unrelated groups get grouped together
  3. c : a clade that contains an ancestral taxon, and several but not all its descendants
  4. d the evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more
  5. e during divergent evolutiona common ancstor gives rise to two or more groups, in a cladogram, it is node that gives rise to the taxa being studied

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a trait which is shared (a symmorphy) between two or more taxa, but which is also shared with other taxa which have an earlier last common ancestor with the taxa under consideration
  2. : a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
  3. the binomial name of a species
  4. a branching diagram sowing the phylogenetic relationships of several or many taxa
  5. classification based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships

5 True/False questions

  1. Basal angiospermsthe several clades of angiosperms that arose before the rest of the angiosperms diverged into the monocots and eudicots

          

  2. Analogous featuresfeatures that resemb;e eachother but are not based on homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestral genes

          

  3. Taxona term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
    Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name

          

  4. Homologous featuresfeatures that resemb;e eachother but are not based on homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestral genes

          

  5. synapomorphya feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members

          

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