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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Eudicots
  2. synapomorphy
  3. Paraphyletic group
  4. Cladogram
  5. Phylogeny
  1. a a branching diagram sowing the phylogenetic relationships of several or many taxa
  2. b : a clade that contains an ancestral taxon, and several but not all its descendants
  3. c the clade of angiosperms that contains most species formally known as dicots, broad leaves and pollen with more than one germination pore
  4. d the evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more
  5. e a trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
    Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name
  2. features that resemb;e eachother but are not based on homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestral genes
  3. classification based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships
  4. where a common ancestor is located on a cladogram
  5. : a system providing scientific names to organisms, each name consists of the genous name and the speciec epithet

5 True/False Questions

  1. Parsimonythe concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious


  2. Apomorphya feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members


  3. Scientific namesthe binomial name of a species


  4. Inheritance of acquired characteristicsthe first law of mendelian genetics


  5. Common ancestorduring divergent evolutiona common ancstor gives rise to two or more groups, in a cladogram, it is node that gives rise to the taxa being studied


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