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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Parsimony
  2. Species
  3. Analogous features
  4. symplesiomorphy
  5. Paraphyletic group
  1. a : a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
  2. b features that resemb;e eachother but are not based on homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestral genes
  3. c a trait which is shared (a symmorphy) between two or more taxa, but which is also shared with other taxa which have an earlier last common ancestor with the taxa under consideration
  4. d : a clade that contains an ancestral taxon, and several but not all its descendants
  5. e the concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a classification not based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships, but on other characters
  2. the binomial name of a species
  3. a branching diagram sowing the phylogenetic relationships of several or many taxa
  4. a feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members
  5. a term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
    Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name

5 True/False questions

  1. Common ancestorwhere a common ancestor is located on a cladogram

          

  2. Natural system of classificationclassification based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships

          

  3. Nomenclature: a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring

          

  4. Phylogenythe evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more

          

  5. synapomorphya feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members

          

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