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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Natural system of classification
  2. Binomial system of nomenclature
  3. Artificial classification system
  4. Taxon
  5. symplesiomorphy
  1. a : a system providing scientific names to organisms, each name consists of the genous name and the speciec epithet
  2. b a classification not based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships, but on other characters
  3. c classification based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships
  4. d a term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
    Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name
  5. e a trait which is shared (a symmorphy) between two or more taxa, but which is also shared with other taxa which have an earlier last common ancestor with the taxa under consideration

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the first law of mendelian genetics
  2. during divergent evolutiona common ancstor gives rise to two or more groups, in a cladogram, it is node that gives rise to the taxa being studied
  3. the clade of angiosperms that contains most species formally known as dicots, broad leaves and pollen with more than one germination pore
  4. the binomial name of a species
  5. where a common ancestor is located on a cladogram

5 True/False questions

  1. Apomorphya trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.

          

  2. synapomorphya feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members

          

  3. Cladogramthe evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more

          

  4. Parsimonya term that refers to any taxonomic group such as species, genus, family, etc...
    Type specimen: a single specimen that is the absolute standard for the species and its scientific name

          

  5. Analogous featuresfeatures that are the phenotypic expression of homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestoral genes

          

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