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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Artificial classification system
  2. Inheritance of acquired characteristics
  3. Cladogram
  4. Basal angiosperms
  5. Apomorphy
  1. a the first law of mendelian genetics
  2. b the several clades of angiosperms that arose before the rest of the angiosperms diverged into the monocots and eudicots
  3. c a classification not based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships, but on other characters
  4. d a branching diagram sowing the phylogenetic relationships of several or many taxa
  5. e a feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. where a common ancestor is located on a cladogram
  2. genus based on a character that is not a reliable indicator of evolutionary relationships, unrelated groups get grouped together
  3. features that are the phenotypic expression of homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestoral genes
  4. a trait which is shared (a symmorphy) between two or more taxa, but which is also shared with other taxa which have an earlier last common ancestor with the taxa under consideration
  5. the binomial name of a species

5 True/False Questions

  1. Binomial system of nomenclatureclassification based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships

          

  2. Species: a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring

          

  3. Taxonthe concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious

          

  4. Parsimonythe concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious

          

  5. synapomorphya trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.

          

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