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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Natural system of classification
  2. Artificial classification system
  3. Binomial system of nomenclature
  4. Cladogram
  5. Phylogeny
  1. a the evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more
  2. b classification based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships
  3. c a classification not based on evolutionary, phylogenetic relationships, but on other characters
  4. d : a system providing scientific names to organisms, each name consists of the genous name and the speciec epithet
  5. e a branching diagram sowing the phylogenetic relationships of several or many taxa

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. a trait that is shared ("symmorphy") by two or more taxa and their most recent common ancestor, whose ancestor in turn does not possess the trait.
  2. the concept of minimum complexity: the simplest hypothesis that explains several observation is the most parsimonious. In cladistics, a cladogram with the least number of steps is the most parsimonious
  3. the first law of mendelian genetics
  4. the binomial name of a species
  5. the several clades of angiosperms that arose before the rest of the angiosperms diverged into the monocots and eudicots

5 True/False Questions

  1. Form genusthe evolutionary relationships where one taxon evolves into others that evolve into still more


  2. symplesiomorphya trait which is shared (a symmorphy) between two or more taxa, but which is also shared with other taxa which have an earlier last common ancestor with the taxa under consideration


  3. Apomorphya feature present in one (autopomorphy) or several (synopomorphy) derived members of a group but is not present in the ancestral members


  4. Eudicotsthe clade of angiosperms that contains most species formally known as dicots, broad leaves and pollen with more than one germination pore


  5. Analogous featuresfeatures that resemb;e eachother but are not based on homologous genes, those related by descent from common ancestral genes


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