Barron's New Word List 46

67 terms by shalnew 

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tantrum

N. /发脾气;暴怒/fit of petulance; caprice. The child learned that he could have almost anything if he had a tantrum.

tarantula

N. /毒蜘蛛/venomous spider. We need an antitoxin to counteract the bite of the tarantula.

tarry

V. /等候;逗留;混日子/delay; dawdle. We can't tarry if we want to get to the airport on time. [When somebody harries, you need to parry without tarrying]

taut

ADJ. /紧张的;整洁的/tight; ready. The captain maintained that he ran a taut ship.

tautological

ADJ. /同义反复的/needlessly repetitious. In the sentence "It was visible to the eye, " the phrase "to the eye" is tautological.[autologic verbs]

tautology

N. /同义反复/unnecessary repetition. "Joyful happiness" is an illustration of tautology.

tawdry

ADJ. /俗丽的;便宜且华而不实/cheap and gaudy. He won a few tawdry trin¬kets in Coney Island.[toadry , like a toad they show off]

tedious

ADJ. /令人厌倦的/boring; tiring. The repetitious nature of work on the assembly line made Martin's job very tedious. tedium, N.

temerity

N. /鲁莽的/boldness; rashness. Do you have the temerity to argue with me?[thinks he has too much merit, hence he acts with tremor]

temper

V. /中和;回火;调剂;锻炼/moderate; tone down or restrain; toughen (steel). Not even her supervisor's grumpiness could temper Nancy's enthusiasm for her new job.

temperament

N. /气质;性情/characteristic frame of mind; disposition; emotional excess. Although the twins look alike, they differ markedly in temperament: Todd is calm, but Rod is excitable.

temperate

ADJ. /节制的;自我控制的/restrained; self-controlled; moderate in respect to temperature. Try to be temperate in your eating this holiday season; if you control your appetite, you won't gain too much weight.

tempestuous

ADJ. /有暴风雨的;暴乱的/stormy; impassioned; violent. Racket¬throwing tennis star John McEnroe was famed for his dis¬plays of tempestuous temperament.

tempo

N. /节奏,乐曲的速度/speed of music. I find the band's tempo too slow for such a lively dance.

temporal

ADJ. /暂时的/not lasting forever; limited by time; secular. At onetime in our history, temporal rulers assumed that they had been given their thrones by divine right. [time-poral and mortal]

temporize

V. /拖延时间;见风使舵/avoid commiting oneself; gain time. I cannot permit you to temporize any longer; I must have a definite answer today.[temporarily hold, put a hold on , to gain time generally through speaking it off]

tenacious

ADJ. /顽强的/holding fast. I had to struggle to break his tenacious hold on my arm.

tenacity

N. /坚韧/firmness; persistence. Jean Valjean could not believe the tenacity of Inspector Javert. Here all Valjean had done was to steal a loaf of bread, and the inspector had pursued him doggedly for twenty years!

tendentious

ADJ. /偏见的;有目标的;预计好的/having an aim; biased; designed to fur¬ther a cause. The editorials in this periodical are tenden¬tious rather than truth-seeking.[seeking with a pre-tendency]

tender

V. /提供;扩充/offer; extend. Although no formal charges had been made against him, in the wake of the recent scandal the mayor felt he should tender his resignation.

tenet

N. /原则;信条/doctrine; dogma. The agnostic did not accept the tenets of their faith.

tensile

ADJ. /可伸展的;可拉长的/capable of being stretched. Mountain climbers must know the tensile strength of their ropes. tentative ADJ. hesitant; not fully worked out or developed; experimental; not definite or positive. Unsure of his wel¬come at the Christmas party, Scrooge took a tentative step into his nephew's drawing room.

tenuous

ADJ. /纤细的/thin; rare; slim. The allegiance of our allies is held by rather tenuous ties.[thin-uous]

tenure

N. /任期;(土地的)使用年限/holding of an office; time during which such an office is held. He has permanent tenure in this position and cannot be fired.

tepid

ADJ. /冷淡的;微热的/lukewarm. During the summer, I like to take a tepid bath, not a hot one.[tea-pid(dip) - lukewarm like dipped tea]

termination

N. /结束/end. Though the time for termination of the project was near, we still had a lot of work to finish before we shut up shop. terminate,V.

terminology

N. /术语学/terms used in a science or art. The special terminology developed by some authorities in the field has done more to confuse the layman than to enlighten him. terminus N. last stop of railroad. After we reached the rail¬road terminus, we continued our journey into the wilderness on saddle horses.

terrestrial

ADJ. /地的;地球的/earthly (as opposed to celestial); pertaining to the land. In many science fiction films, alien invaders from outer space plan to destroy all terrestrial life.

terse

ADJ. /简洁;扼要的/concise; abrupt; pithy. There is a fine line between speech that is terse and to the point and speech that is too abrupt.

testy

ADJ. /易怒的/irritable; short-tempered. My advice is to avoid discussing this problem with him today as he is rather testy and may shout at you.

tether

V. /用绳子绑;范围/tie with a rope. Before we went to sleep, we teth¬ered the horses to prevent their wandering off during the night.[tie-ther]

thematic

ADJ. /主题的;主题相关的/relating to a unifying motif or idea. Those who think of Moby Dick as a simple adventure story about whaling miss its underlying thematic import.

theocracy

N. /神权政治/government run by religious leaders. Though some Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower favored the establish¬ment of a theocracy in New England, many of their fellow voyagers preferred a nonreligious form of government.

theoretical

ADJ. /理论的/not practical or applied; hypothetical. Bob was better at applied engineering and computer program¬ming than he was at theoretical physics and math. While I can still think of some theoretical objections to your plan, you've convinced me of its basic soundness.

therapeutic

ADJ. /治疗的;治疗学的/curative. Now better known for its race¬track, Saratoga Springs first gained attention for the thera¬peutic qualities of its famous "healing waters." therapy, N.

thermal

ADJ. /热的;热学的/pertaining to heat. The natives discovered that the hot springs made excellent thermal baths and began to develop their community as a health resort. also N.

thespian

ADJ. /戏剧的/pertaining to drama. Her success in the school play convinced her she was destined for a thespian career. also N.[a 'dress'pian , opp to an espn-ian and hence dramatic]

threadbare

ADJ. /褴褛的;破烂不堪的/worn through till the threads show; shabby and poor. The poor adjunct professor hid the threadbare spots on his jacket by sewing leather patches on his sleeves.

thrifty

ADJ. /节省的;抠包的/careful about money; economical. A thrifty shopper compares prices before making major purchases.

thrive

V. /繁荣;昌盛/prosper; flourish. Despite the impact of the reces¬sion on the restaurant trade, Philip's cafe thrived.

throes

N. /剧痛/violent anguish. The throes of despair can be as devastating as the spasms accompanying physical pain.[violent thrown woes]

throng

N. /聚集/crowd. Throngs of shoppers jammed the aisles. alsoV.[three times too long - if you count the people]

thwart

V. /阻碍;挫败/baffle; frustrate. He felt that everyone was trying to thwart his plans and prevent his success.

tightwad

N. /吝啬鬼/excessively frugal person; miser. Jill called Jack a tightwad because he never picked up the check.

tiller

N. /舵柄;农夫/handle used to move boat's rudder (to steer). Fearing the wind might shift suddenly and capsize the skiff, Tom kept one hand on the tiller at all times. ['tilt'er - to tilt the rudder of a ship]

timidity

N. /胆怯/lack of self-confidence or courage. If you are to succeed as a salesman, you must first lose your timidity and fear of failure.

timorous

ADJ. /害怕的/fearful; demonstrating fear. His timorous manner betrayed the fear he felt at the moment. [ timid and morose ]

tirade

N. /长篇慷慨激昂的演说/extended scolding; denunciation; harangue. Every time the boss holds a meeting, he goes into a lengthy tirade, scolding us for everything from tardiness to padding our expenses.

titanic

ADJ. /巨大的/gigantic. Titanic waves beat against the majes¬tic S.S. Titanic, driving it against the concealed iceberg.

title

N. /名字;等级;拥有权/right or claim to possession; mark of rank; name (of a book, film, etc.). Though the penniless Duke of Ragwort no longer held title to the family estate, he still retained his title as head of one of England's oldest families.

titter

N. /神经质的笑/nervous laugh. Her aunt's constant titter nearly drove her mad. alsoV. [giggle and twitter]

titular

ADJ. /有名无实的/nominal holding of title without obligations. Although he was the titular head of the company, the real decisions were made by his general manager.[title-uar]

toady

N. /谄媚的人;马屁精/servile flatterer; yes man. Never tell the boss any¬thing he doesn't wish to hear: he doesn't want an indepen¬dent adviser, he just wants a toady. alsoV.[like the male toad which pleases the female frog]

tome

N. /册;卷/large volume. He spent much time in the libraries poring over ancient tomes [ Theory-home = tome ]

tonic

ADJ. /精神充沛的/invigorating; refreshing. The tart homemade ginger ale had a tonic effect on Kit: she perked right up. also N.

taxonomist

specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification;He was a taxonomist

tedium

boredom; weariness; ADJ. tedious;The work caused tedium

teetotalism

practice of abstaining totally from alcoholic drinks; N. teetotaler;; ADJ. teetotal; CF. T + total;She was fortunate to marry a teetotaler

tertiary

third in order or rank;He occupies a tertiary grade in the office

tessellated

mosaic; inlaid;The floor has a tessellated pattern [tiles-slated]

testator

maker of a will; CF. testatrix;He's an official testator [testing the statement of a will]

thrall

slave; bondage; slavery;Her beauty held him in thrall [enthrall captivates, thrall bonds and slaves]

timbre

quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument (which distinguishes it from others of the same pitch);Timbre is the quality of pitch [most musical instruments are made from wood(timber) and the tone depends on the quality of the timber]

tipple

drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alcoholic drink;He tippled often [you tip over (topple or tumble)when you drink, and hence tipple]

tithe

tax of one-tenth (contributed to a church);They had to pay a tithe [tenth sounds like tithe]

titillate

tickle; excite pleasantly; Their goal was not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it

toga

Roman outer robe;He was asked to buy a toga for the performance [a roman yoga dress!]

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