← Kaplan 15 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- arterial blood gas (ABG)
- diastolic pressure
- Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate
- metabolic acidosis
- a one of the minute disks of vertebrate blood that assists in blood clotting.
- b the pressure when the ventricles are relaxing
- c hypokalemia, dehydration, and kidney failure.
- d is a blood test that is performed using blood from an artery. It involves puncturing an artery with a thin needle and syringe and drawing a small volume of blood. The most common puncture site is the radial artery at the wrist, but sometimes the femoral artery in the groin or other sites are used. The blood can also be drawn from an arterial catheter. The test is used to determine the pH of the blood, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide and oxygen, and the bicarbonate level.
- e Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is the chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda (sodium carbonate).
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the chamber in the heart that receives blood from the veins and forces it into the ventricles
- The AORTA is the largest artery in the body. It pertrudes out of the top of the left vetricle of the heart.
- Arteries are tough, elastic tubes that carry blood away from the heart. As the arteries move away from the heart, they divide into smaller vessels. The largest arteries are about as thick as a thumb. The smallest arteries are thinner than hair. These thinner arteries are called arterioles. Arteries carry bright red blood! The color comes from the oxygen that it carries.
- in the blood indicates protein malnutrition.
- is the process of elaborating, releasing, and oozing chemicals, or a secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
5 True/False Questions
The process → ARTERIES are vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
heart → recived oxygen poor blood from the body, thur supior and infeor venae cavae, Right atrium then to right ventrical to the lungs. The oxygenatet blood from the lungs returns to left side of heart left atrium and left ventricle to the body. "Pulmonayr cirdulation is only function is to carry blood ot the lungs
Veins → Veins carry the blood to the heart. The smallest veins, also called venules, are very thin. They join larger veins that open into the heart. The veins carry dark red blood that doesn't have much oxygen. Veins have thin walls. They don't need to be as strong as the arteries because as blood is returned to the heart, it is under less pressure.
systolic pressure → the pressure in the arteries at the peak of ventricular contraction
ARTERIES → The ARTERIES are blood vessels which carry blood blood away from the heart. They have an elastic wall and their cell walls are thicker than veins. Arteries' walls are divided into three layers: the endothlium which is the innermost layer, see if you can guess the name of the middle layer... if you guesed the Middle layer then you are correct, it is a thick layer of muscle tissue. Alright go two for two; see if you can guess the name of the outer layer... that's right The Outer layer, and it is a tough elastic covering. As the arteries progressively get smaller and smaller they become called ARTERIOLES.