Chapter 14 China study guide

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Li Bo

poet from the Tang dynasty

Confucius

Chinese philosopher, lived 1000 years before the song dynasty, taught concern for others and acting appropriatly

Mongols

nomadic people who came from the plains north of China

Zheng He

the greatest sailor of the Ming dynasty, his voyages demonstrated how powerful China was

civil servants

people who work for the government

Kublai Khan

Mongol ruler, didnt force the Chinese to learn or adopt the Mongol way of life

Li Quingzhao

China's greatest female poet, lived during the Song dynasty

Yang Jian

reunified China after the period of disunion, emperor of the Sui dynasty

Ghengis Khan

universal ruler, led the attacks where entire populations were wiped out

Marco Polo

Italian merchant, told Europeans that China was highly civilized

scholar official

an educated member of the government

Chang'an

Tang dynasty's capital, largest city in the world

Period of Disunion

time of disorder that followed the collapse of the Han, cultures of the Mongol invaders and the Chinese culturecombined to form a new culture

Sui dynasty

reunified China after Period of Disunion, started Grand Canal

Tang dynasty

along with the Song dynasty, were periods of great wealth, progress, artists, and writers

Ming dynasty

built forbidden city, ended Mongol rule, started isolationism

bureaucracy

a body of unelected government officials

Confucianism

stressed ethical behavior, official state philosophy of the Han dynasty

Buddhism

official policy adopted during the Song dynasty, originated in India, where people could escape suffering

Neo Confucianism

ethical behavior, concern for spiritual matters

isolationism

avioding contact with other countries

Grand Canal

built to transport rice and other farm products to the cities

Great Wall of China

2000 miles long, completed during the Ming dynasty

Forbidden city

large complex of elaborate buildings, symbol of China's glory

dragon backbone pump

farming device invented durin the Song dynasty

moveable type

allowed a printer to reuse and rearrange words and letters to create different pages

woodblock printing

allowed Chinese to copy and print texts and drawings quickly and in large quantities

porcelain

a thin, beautiful type of pottery

Chinese exports

tea, rice, jade, silk, and pocelain

What were the cities like during the Tang and Son dynasties?

the cities were crowded and busy, people from different cultures lived there

How did the Grand Canal affect trade in China?

large amounts of goods were carried on it, it allowed them to move ffrom the farms to the cities

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