made huge military campaign in China. (Tang Dynasty)
first woman leader of Tang dynasty.
blocks of metal or qood, each bearing a single character, that can be arranged to make up a page for printing. Tang Dynasty invention.
a class of powerful, well-to-do people who enjoy a high social status. (Tang)
members of a nomadic group that herds domesticated animals (Mongol)
a group of people descended from a common ancestor. Steppe nomads travelled in clans. (Mongol)
Founder of Mongol Empire. Born Temujin but later took title of Ghengis Khan which means 'Universal Ruler' brutal conquerer. Empire stretched from Poland to China. (Mongol)
warriors for Islam (Ottoman)
a Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai. (Feudal Japan)
in the Ottoman Empire, the policy of taking boys from conquered Christian peoples to be trained as Muslim soldiers. (Ottoman)
12 year old who began to sieze Iran. Once he did he took title of Shah and established Shi'a Islam as state religion. He became a religious tyrant. (Ottoman)
Grandson of Ghengis Khan. Ruler of Great Khan. Conquered all of China for the first time. First time China was united in over 300 years. (Mongol)
The Mongol Empire so big it had to be split into four different parts and each one was ruled by a descendant of Ghengis Khan (Mongol)
peace in Mongol Empire. Mongols guaranteed safe passage for trade & missionaries. (Mongol)
a member of a Shi'a Muslim dynasty that built an empire in Persia (16-18 centuries)
the native religion of Japan
hereditary monarch of Iran (Ottoman)
Took the Safavid Empire into its golden age, created an empire that took the best out of all neighboring cultures including Ottomans and Persians, reformed military and civilian life in the empire
in feudal Japan, a supreme military commander who ruled in the name of the emperor.
"overlord" or "one with power", title for the Ottoman rulers during the rise of the Ottoman Empire
members of a nonviolent religious group whose beliefs blend elements of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sufism. (Mughal)
emporer of Mughal Empire. After his wife died he ordered the Taj Mahal to be built in her honor. (Mughal)
a beautiful tomb built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Shah Jahan's third son. Took away all religious tolerance things Akbar had put in. Reinstated the hated tax on non-Muslims. Led the Mughal Empire into downfall. (Mughal)
name means "great". He led Mughal Empire into its golden age. Introduced religious tolerance and showed it by marrying Hindu princesses and getting rid of the tax on non-Muslims and letting them be able to rise to high office.
Brilliant general who laid the foundation for the Mughal Empire
Timur the Lame
halted the expansion of the Ottoman empire. burned down the powerful city of Baghdad. Crushed the Ottoman forces at the Battle of Ankara.
soldiers trained to be loyal to the sultan only. (Ottoman)
achieved the most dramatic feat in Ottoman history, conquered Constantinople. (Ottoman)
Capital of Safavid Empire. A beautiful city, a showplace for artisans (both foreign and Safavid.)
the way of the Samurai
travelled to China and wrote a book on what he saw and learned. Helped Kublai Khan's court.