Ch. 6 Juvenile Courts/Corrections

Created by tanjicalv1988 

Upgrade to
remove ads

59 terms

more

Juveniles today are ________ likely to come into contact with police, courts and correctional facilities than at any time in history.

2.5

Police take into custody _________ milliton juveniles every year.

delinquency hearings

Trials for minors (under age 18) who are charged with
an offense that would be classified as crimes if they
were adults are called ____________.

18

Trials for minors (under age ___) who are charged with
an offense that would be classified as crimes if they
were adults are called delinquency hearings.

Status offenses

_____________are acts that would not be considered
crimes if committed by an adult. Examples: running
away, truancy curfew violations.

tried as adults

Juveniles who have committed certain offenses may be
___________.

murder

In Nevada, children who are charged with _______ or
attempted _________ are tried as adults, regardless of
their age.

adult criminal courts

Minors between the ages of 16 and 18 who are charged
with felonies or gross misdemeanors can be tried in
the ______________.

adults

Hearings are conducted for juveniles to determine if
they will be certified as __________.

violent

Hearings are conducted for juveniles to determine if
they will be certified as adults, and usually reserved for _________ crimes.

presumptive

Nevada previously had a ___________ certification
process which held that juveniles charged with crimes
that involve use of a fire arm are subject to a
presumption of certification to criminal court with an
opportunity to present mitigating facors to rebut the
presumption.

fire arm

Nevada previously had a presumptive certification
process which held that juveniles charged with crimes
that involve use of a _________ are subject to a
presumption of certification to criminal court with an
opportunity to present mitigating facors to rebut the
presumption.

evidence

The juvenile was re required to show by clear and
convincing _____________ that emotional, behavioral or
substance abuse problems substantially contributed to
the commission of the crime during presumptive certification.

criminal court

If the minor wants to plead not guilty, they would
proceed to _____________ for trial.

juvenile system

They would need to plead guilty in order to receive a
psychological evaluation that might allow them to
remain in the ____________.

guilty

They would need to plead _________ in order to receive a
psychological evaluation that might allow them to
remain in the juvenile system.

not guilty

If the minor wants to plead __________, they would
proceed to criminal court for trial.

guilty plea

The _________ could be used against them in criminal
court if the evaluation indicated no emotional,
behavioral, substance abuse problems and they were
certified as an adult.

no

The guilty plea could be used against them in criminal
court if the evaluation indicated _______emotional,
behavioral, substance abuse problems and they were
certified as an adult.

5

The Nevada Supreme Court declared presumptive
certification to be an unconstitutional violation of an
individual's ___th Amendment rights as the individual
basically had two choices: 1) Admit guilt even though
that admission could be used against them in juvenile
or adult proceedings; or 2) proceed to criminal court
dispute emotional, behavioral, or substance abuse
problems.

presumptive certification

The Nevada Supreme Court declared __________________ to be an unconstitutional violation of an
individual's 5th Amendment rights as the individual
basically had two choices: 1) Admit guilt even though
that admission could be used against them in juvenile
or adult proceedings; or 2) proceed to criminal court
dispute emotional, behavioral, or substance abuse
problems.

discretionary

Juveniles can still be tried as adults using
________________certification which requires approval
from a judge after prosecutors make their case based
on factors such a s seriousness of the crime, threat to
public safety, and the juvenile's criminal history.

judge

A _________ can order a psychological assessment in order
to determine whether the minor should be tried in
juvenile or criminal court.

treatment

Juvenile courts have more discretion in placing
adolescents in ______________programs appropriate to
their needs.

increase

Adult problems, i.e., prisons and other facilities are
not suited to the adolescents needs and may __________chances of institutionalization.

not

Adult problems, i.e., prisons and other facilities are
________ suited to the adolescents needs and may increase
chances of institutionalization.

punishment

Placement in adult facilities constitutes __________rather than rehabilitation and likely increases recidivism.

competent to stand trial

In order to participate in delinquency hearing a
juvenile must be ________________; similar to
adults.

developmental

Juveniles are less effective participants in proceedings
due to ________________ issues.

Dusky standard

___________is not sufficient to determine competency.

Decisional competency

_________________, i.e., ability to make decisions,
weigh alternatives and understand consequences, are
more prominent.

sufficient

Dusky standard is necessary but not ___________to
determine competency in minors.

extensive

There is a more __________ need for structured
interviews with various legal terms and scenarios to
help judge the adolescent's decision making
capabilities.

undiagnosed

Other factors include___________mental illness or
intellectual impairment as well as educational level for determining competence to stand trial.

constitutional

Evidence suggests that many juveniles cannot
understand their _____________rights.

self -incrimination

Juveniles have the same constitutional rights against
__________ as adults.

parents

Research strongly suggests that _________ often
encourage juveniles to cooperate with police, answer
questions and confess.

authority

Adolescents are more amenable to coercive pressure
from ___________ figures.

waiving

_____________Miranda rights is only valid if made willingly,
knowingly, and intelligently.

suggestibility

Research has indicated that age and __________ are
strong indicators of Miranda competence.

age

Research has indicated that ____and suggestibility are
strong indicators of Miranda competence.

instruments

Grisso recommends use of standardized_____________ in performing assessments to waive Miranda rights.

written

Juvenile has the right to __________ notice of charges against them.

witnesses

Juvenile has the right to confront and cross‐examine _________.

self-incrimination

Juvenile has the privilege against _______________.

lawyer

Juvenile has the right to the assistance of a __________ in their defense.

juvenile

Guardianship of minors, abandonment, abuse hearings, and neglect hearings are other___________ court functions.

rehabilitative

In spite of a trend towards punitiveness and
accountability on the part of juveniles who commit crimes, the juvenile justice system n most states continue to be ________ in orientation.

rehabilitation

Are all types of _________ models: Group homes, Therapeutic boarding schools, Outpatient substance abuse treatment. Wilderness programs. Detention facilities and Multimodal approach.

not

The majority of programs have _____ been submitted to empirical investigation

residental

Research results are often disappointing in assessing effectiveness, particularly for programs based in _________ settings.

disappointing

Research results are often _______ in assessing effectiveness, particularly for programs based in residential settings.

community

Strong need for _________ based treatment.

cognitive-behavioral foundation

Common features of effective programs include c________- _________ f________.

multimodel-group

Common features of effective programs include m_______- g_____.

family therapy

Common features of effective programs include f_____ t_________.

case management

Common features of effective programs include c_______m ______.

social skills training

Common features of effective programs include s_______ s______ t_________.

follow-up component

Common features of effective programs include f_________-u___ c__________.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set