The geography of Greece is made up of
Many islands and mountains
The form of government in which citizens vote on issues themselves (Athens).
Indirect Democracy (Republic)
Form of government in which citizens elect representatives to vote for them (Rome)
Another term for "Indirect Democracy"
The Socratic Method
Asking a lot of questions to weed out the truth from someone (Socrates' method of teaching).
This philosopher tutored Alexander the Great as a child.
This Greek city-states was known for its military
Leader of Athens during its Golden Age - famous for his funeral oration.
The Peloponnesian War
A war, lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta.
Greek philosopher; socratic method--questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth
Drama & Comedy
Forms of art developed by the Greeks.
Doric, Ionic, & Corinthian
Three forms of Greek columns that represent what is still known as classical architecture. Doric is the simplest; Corinthian is the most elaborate.
A blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptain, and Indian culture. Started by Alexander the Great.
Who ruled Rome from 600 B.C. until they were conquered by the Romans in 509 B.C. ?
the aristocrats of Rome, owned land, controled the government
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
the military units of the Roman Empire were organized into these.
The Punic Wars
A series of three wars with Carthage that won Rome all of the the Mederterranian.
Bread & Circuses
public entertainment that Roman elites used to keep the plebeians happy and distracted from problems in the empire.
This leader ends the civil war in Rome and ends the Republic.
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities - made extensive use of arches.
Herodotus & Thucydides
The first Greek historians.
The Twelve Tables
The earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians about 450 B.C. that became the foundation of Roman law.
400s A.D., invasions made by Germanic tribes living on the border of the Roman Empire. Important b/c these invasions overran Rome and helped cause the Roman Empire to collapse.
Fall of the Western Roman empire
Six causes for the fall of the Roman Empire
Size, military weakness, invasions, slaverly, high taxes, decline of traditional values
Roman emperor who was faced with military problems, when that happend he decided to divide the empire.
Roman emperor who moved the capital to Constantinople and made Christianity a favored religion.
Which half the Roman Empire really "falls"?
The western half - turns into the "Dark Ages" of Europe
The eastern half of the Roman Empire carries on under this name___________
Greek philosopher who writes The Republic.
Roman architectural achievement used in building aqueducts.
Pericles Funeral Oration
Speech given by the leader of Athens. He explains that Athens is special because it's a democracy.
Dorice, Ionic and Corinthian
Three styles of Greek Columns.