a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work; a lesson or moral
a message about life that can be understood by most cultures; examples: "Too much pride can destroy a person." "Crime doesn't pay."
The story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc. Plot elements include exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
first person point of view
a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself
third person point of view
The story is told by an outside narrator who is not a character in the story.
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually does
occurs when facts are not known to the characters in a work of literature but are known by the audience
a scene that interrupts the action of a work to show a previous event
atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage