Glycolysis

32 terms by Ryan_Morningstar 

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Hexokinase

What is the enzyme that turns Glucose into Glucose 6 Phosphate?

Phosphoglucose Isomerase

What enzyme turns Glucose 6 phosphate into Fructose 6 Phosphate?

Phosphofructokinase

What enzyme turns Fructose 6 Phosphate to Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate?

Glucose to Glucose 6 Phosphate

From what molecule to what molecule is the FIRST ATP required for during the first 1/2 of glycolysis?

Fructose 6 Phosphate to Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate

From what molecule to what molecule is the SECOND ATP required for during the first 1/2 of glycolysis?

Adding a phosphate

What is Hexokinase doing to Glucose?

Changing from Keytone to Aldehyde

What is Phosphoglucose Isomerase doing to Glucose 6 Phosphate?

Adding the 2nd Phosphate

What is Phosphofructokinase doing to Fructose 6 Phosphate?

Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate (DHAP)

What is the keytone portion that Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate is broken into?

Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate

What is the Aldehyde portion that Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate is broken into?

Aldolase

What is the enzyme that breaks Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate into the keytone and Aldehyde?

Triose Phosphate Isomerase

What is the enzyme that converts Dihydroxyacetone Phosphate (K) to Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate (A)?

Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase

What is the enzyme that converts Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate to 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate?

Removes a Hydrogen and attaches a phosphate (Oxidizes it)

What does Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase do to Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate?

NADH

What is the secondary product of Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase?

Phosphoglycerate Kinase

What is the enzyme that converts 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate to 3 Phosphoglycerate?

Removes a Phosphate

What does Phosphoglycerate do to 1,3 Bisphosphoglycerate?

ATP

What is the Secondary product of Phosphoglycerate Kinase?

Phosphoglycerate Mutase

What enzyme converts 3 Phosphoglycerate to 2 Phosphoglycerate?

Moving the phosphate to the middle carbon

What is Phosphoglycerate Mutase doing to 3 Phosphoglycerate?

Enolase

What enzyme converts 2 Phosphoglycerate to Phosphoenolpyruvate?

Removal of H2O

What is happening to 2 Phosphogycerate by way of Enolase?

Phosphoenolpyruvate

What is the most energy rich molecule we have studied thus far?

Pyruvate Kinase

What enzyme converts Phosphoenolpyruvate to Pyruvate?

ATP

What is the secondary product of Pyruvate Kinase?

Removal of a Phosphate

What is happening to Phosphoenolpyruvate by way of Pyruvate Kinase?

Lactate

What does the reduction of Pyruvate give us?

Pyruvate

What does the Oxidation of Lactate give us?

Lactate Dehydrogenase

What is the enzyme that allows us to jump back and forth between Pyruvate and Lactate?

The more reduced Molecule that will be oxidized (named after the molecule with H's that we are getting ready to take away)

What are Dehydrogenases named after?

Start with Glucose
Add Phosphate (Lose ATP)
Rearrange
Add Phosphate (Lose ATP)

What is the general order of things that happen during the 1st half of Glycolysis?

Break Fructose 1,6 BisPhosphate
Add Phosphate (Gain NADH)
Remove Phosphate (Gain ATP)
Rearrange
Remove H2O
Remove Phosphate (Gain ATP)

What is the general order of things that happen during the 2nd half of Glycolysis?

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