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parish priest

usually of peasant origin, had little formal education; served the smallest division of the church (the parish)

sacraments

special ceremonies at which the participants received the grace of God to help them overcome the consequences of sin

bishop

managed a diocese, made up of a number of parishes

archbishop

managed an archdiocese and had all of the powers of a bishop (on larger scale)

curia

a group of counselors that advises the pope on legal and spiritual matters

medieval church

1. secular clergy- priests, bishop, pope; lived among ordinary people
2. regular clergy- monastics (monks and nuns); strict rules

monasticism

the way of life in monasteries and convents

abbot

elected head of the Benedictine community; controlled and distributed all property

Christianity in Ireland and England

Ireland: arrived in the 400s; St. Patrick's missionary work
England: arrived in 597; St. Augustine's missionary work

Political role of Church

Popes had power over all monarchies (or at least claimed)

Canon law

Church's code of law

interdict

closed all churches of a certain region

tithe

a tribute to the church; 1/10th of a person's income

Simony

a bribe to be put in a high position in the church

heresy

the crime of holding a belief that goes against established doctrine

Inquisition

a search of heretics to eliminate heresy by the Church

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