Glencoe World History 2008 Chapter 23 People and Places

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Glencoe World History 2008 Chapter 23 People and Places

Triple Alliance

Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry

Triple Entente

An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.

Serbia

a historical region in central and northern Yugoslavia; supported by Russia in 1914

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

heir to the throne of Austria Hungary; assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a bosnian serb.; sparked WWI

Bosnia

The country Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife visited when he was assassinated

Gavrilo Princip

The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of the Black Hand

Emperor William II

leader of Germany during WWI

Czar Nicholas II

ruler of Russia; he was overthrown during the Russian Revolution of 1917; he and his family were killed by the revolution's leadership.

General Alfred von Schieffen

helped draw up the Schlieffen Plan

Marne

Battle near paris that ended Germany's hope of swift victory

Gallipoli

Allies tried to open a Balkan front by landing forces here; southwest of Constantiple

Lawrence of Arabia

urged Arab princes to revolt against their Ottoman overlords

Admiral Holtzendorf

admiral in Germany; assurred the United States Germany would not be a problem in the war

Woodrow Wilson

28th President of the United States

Grigory Rasputin

He began to influence the czar's wife, Alexendra

Alexandra

Czar Nicholas II's wife

Petrograd

St. Petersburg

Aleksandr Kerensky

head of Russian provisional government after revolution.

Bolsheviks

A Marxist party known as the Russian Social Democrats and became dedicated to violent revolution

V.I. Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, leader of the Bolsheviks

Ukraine

a republic in southeastern Europe

Siberia

a vast Asian region of Russia from which the first serious threat to the communist came from

Urals

a mountain range in western Russia extending from the arctic to the Caspian Sea; contains Yekaterinburg

Leon Trotsky

Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army

Erich Ludendorff

guided German military operations

Kiel

how, northern Germany town where sailors mutinied

Friedrich Ebert

leader of Social Democrats who announced the creation of a democratic republic

David Lloyd George

British prime minister during WWI

Georges Clemenceau

premier of France during WWI

Alsace

Taken by the Germans from France

Lorraine

Taken by the Germans from France

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