Established standard for dismissing federal civil servants.
Federal employees can be removed or suspended without pay "only for such cause as will promote the efficiency of service"
Established the principle that the burden of proof is on the organization (managers) to show that dismissal of an employees is warranted and justified .
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
NEW! Voice Recording
Click the mic to start.