nationalist. Strong (early). 1937: Japan attacks China and Mao and Chiang get back together to fight Japan. U.S. gives Chiang money and army support, he does not use it for army or war while Mao and peasants battle Japan. 1945: Civil War to become leader. 1949: Chiang runs away to Taiwan, takes his people and China's former government.
aka Mustafa Kemal
-President of Turkey from 1923-1938
-brought Turkey into a Westernized state.
-diverted loyalty from Islamic organizations and created nationalistic people.
-Religious schools closed, it became illegal to wear a fez, and shari'ah law was banned.
-new mandatory primary and secondary schools were opened
-reached out to women giving them the right to vote and run for office.
-sweeping reforms that dramatically changed the state.
-Westernized Turkey w/o help of any Western powers and gained full independence at a time when no other country could.
-The peoples love for Ataturk is representative of his power to accomplish to much in a short period.
(5 June 1883 - 21 April 1946) was a British economist whose ideas have had a major impact on modern economic and political theory as well as on many governments' fiscal policies. He advocated interventionist government policy, by which the government would use fiscal and monetary measures to mitigate the adverse effects of economic recessions, depressions and booms. His ideas are the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics.
Chinese Communist leader and theorist. A founder of the Chinese Communist Party (1921), he led the Long March (1934-1935) and proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949. As party chairman and the country's first head of state (1949-1959) he initiated the Great Leap Forward and the founding of communes. He continued as party chairman after 1959 and was a leading figure in the Cultural Revolution (1966-1969). In the 1970s he consolidated his political power and established ties with the West.
Russian Soviet statesman and premier after Stalin who denounced him. He led the de-Stalinization of Russia and argued for major innovations. He wanted peaceful coexistence with the U.S. Eisenhower agreed to a summit conference with Khrushchev, France and Great Britain in Geneva, Switzerland in July, 1955 to discuss how peaceful coexistence could be achieved., ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation, premier (1894-1971)
was the fourth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, serving from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen year term as General Secretary was one of the lengthiest, second only to that of Joseph Stalin. Brezhnev's rule saw the global influence of the Soviet Union's grow dramatically, in part because of the expansion of the Soviet Army during this time. His tenure as leader has often been criticized for marking the beginning of a period of economic stagnation which would eventually lead to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
President of the USA after Roosevelt, passed the Truman Doctrine, which stated that the US would provide money to countries threatened by Communist expansion. Only military leader to utilize the atomic bomb against a population
Was the Communist leader of Yugoslavia who did not have any interest in joining the USSR. Tito's refusal to agree with the surrender of his nations independence caused the break between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union in 1948.
was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Once noted as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II, Marshall served as the U.S. Army Chief of Staff during the war and as the chief military adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. As Secretary of State his name was given to the Marshall Plan, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.
Became the leader of the USSR in 1985. He proposed major reforms and adopted policies of greater openness (glasnostand perestroika) and allowed Soveit-bloc states greater independence. In 1991, there wa an unsuccessful attemtped overthrow of his government. The USSR dissolved in 1991 with Gorbachev's resignation.
Ho Chi Minh
North Vietnamese leader who had lead the resistance against the Japanese during WW II and at the end of the war had led the uprising against the French Colonial government. He had traveled in Europe, educated in Moscow, and was an ardent Communist. Became President of the North Vietnamese government established after the French withdrawal. Often called the George Washington of North Vietnam.
Led the Anti-Rightist movement of 1957-1958. Later became one of Mao's biggest enemies within the higher ranks of government. Was struggled against, exiled, and sent to a remote village. He came back under Guofeng's rule and led the movement to exonerate people who had been attacked during the Cultural Revolution. Approved of Democracy Wall, which helped him replace Guofeng in 1978 as "the most powerful man" in China. When Democracy Wall started to criticize KMT, ordered it taken down. Established Household Responsibility System. Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang helped him to reform the economy. Made Hong Kong "one country with two systems," in an agreement with Prime Minister Thatcher. Supported Hu Yaobang's attempt for political change in 1986.
He engineered a revolution in Cuba in 1959. He denounced the imperialists and took valuable American property for a land-distribution program. When the U.S. cut off U.S. imports of Cuban sugar, Castro took more U.S. land and resulting from that his dictatorship became similar to Stalin's in Russia. (Communism in the Western Hemisphere)
He was the leader of South Africa in 1994, serving as the first black president after De Klerk and bringing about sweeping reforms throughout the country. He made sure to respect the rights of the whites as well in order to ensure a healthy reign. Fought against repressive apartheid system in South Africa, which had originally been a system exclusive for whites, yet permitted a great deal of intra-ethnic ties which were counterintuitive, social oligarchy, Dawls makes noise about this.
When the Shah tried to weaken the political influence of Iran's Muslim leaders, ayatollans, who opposed western influences were led by this man who lived in exile. He scared people & riots began. He encouraged Muslim radicals in other places to overthrow their secular governments