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important dates durring the Civil Rights Movement

1619

First African slaves imported to Jamestown

1600-1808

hundred of thousands of slaves sent to US to work, considered property

1808

Slavery considered illegal, but illegal importation continue

1831

Nat Turner leads slave rebellion

1840's and 50's

Abolitionist movement makes headway in north

1861

Southern states secede from Union and form confederate states CIVIL WAR BEGINS

1865

Civil war ends, 13th amendment abolishes slavery

1868 and 1870

14th and 15th amendment, former slaves become citizens and have right to vote

late 1860's

KKK organizes to secretly fight against northern occupation and black civil rights

1876

president Rutherford Hayes makes deal to withdraw troops from south is south votes for him

Late 1800's and 1896

southerners make Jim Crowe laws with Plessy vs. Furgeson decision, and supreme court creation of 'separate but equal'

1882-1968

over 4,000 are lynched

1909

NAACP is formed to fight against lynching and discrimination against blacks

first half of 20th century

millions of americans move north to escape jim crowe laws, this is calles The Great Migration

World Wars I and II 1917-18 and 1941-45

African Americans are drafted or enlist in military and serve in segregated units led by white officers. Many hope that fighting for country will help equality, but this is not the case

1948

President Truman orders against segregation in military

1954

Supreme Court rules 'Brown vs. Board of Education' that 'separate but equal' is unconstitutional and that racial segregation is illegal

1955

Emmet Till is murdered in Mississipi for flirting with a white women. Sparks Civil Rights Movement.

1955

Rosa Parks is jails for refusing to give her seat to a white man on the bus. Later, segregation on buses is ruled unconstitutional.

1957

Arkansas governor Orval Faubus uses National Guard to block nine students from entering Little Rock High. Eisenhower drafts Arkansas National Guard and sends in army airborne division to force desegregation

1960

Four black students begin a sit-in at an all white lunch counter. Sit-ins start occurring throughout south.

1964

Three civil rights activists (2 white 1 black) are murdered in rural area near Philadelphia, Mississippi. Event is widely covered and results in strong opposition of Jim Crowe laws and essentially breaks back of segregation

1964

Civil Rights Act is passed and signed by president Lyndon Johnson

1965

Voting Rights Act is passed and outlaws literacy tests and poll taxes as assessments on who could vote

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