military historian who emphasized the need for a strong navy
Alfred T. Mahan
policy by which strong nations extend control over weaker territories
naval commodore who sailed into Tokyo Bay, Japan, in 1853
last monarch of Hawaii
historian who said that the frontier had been an outlet for ambitious Americans
Frederick J. Turner
economy in which an imperial country removed raw materials from its colonies
An economy that is based on mining or producting raw materials to be used in foreign industries is called....
an extractive economy.
The United States wanted overseas territories because the territories had...
customers who buy U.S. products.
What new relationship with Hawaii did Congress approve in 1898?
___________ contributed to increased imperialism because imperialists believed strength would allow them to influence other nations.
Frederick J. Turner said, "The closing of the frontier encouraged American imperialism because the rising population needed room to _______."
Within a year of Commodore Perry's arrival in Tokyo Bay, Perry negotiated a treaty that opened _____ to the U.S. in 1853.
Journalists called the __________________ "sewards folly" because they wondered why the U.S. would purchase a vast tundra of snow and ice far from our continental borders.
Social ___________ is the belief held by some in the late 19th century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them.
In 1916 congress passed the ___________ which promised that the Phillipines would ultimately gain its independence; that happened in 1946 when the islands were liberated from Japanese occupation during WWII.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the U.S. had become accustomed to ______________________.
military involvement overseas
_______ was annexed in 1898 during the Spanish-American War.
_______ lead an attack in Manilla Bay during the Spanish-American War because Manilla Bay was ruled by the Spanish and their ships were in that Bay.
Spain gave up full control of the Philippines when the U.S. paid $20 million as set out in the Treaty of ______.
When Filipinos rebelled against U.S. rule the U.S. found itself using some of the same tactics that the Spanish had used in ______.
Emilion Aguinaldo used __________ warfare as a nationalist insurgent in the Philippines, fighting seperately against both Spain and the U.S.
After the Spanish-American War, Cubans and _____________ were partially restricted by the U.S.
The ______________________ gave the U.S. the right to preserve order has needed in Cuba, bringing Cuba within the U.S. sphere.
The 1898 Treaty of Paris dealt with territory or territories?
Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines
The Teller Amendment stated that the United States...
could not annex Cuba.
Emilio Aguinaldo was a....
Filipino freedom fighter.
Which presidential candidate ran on an anti-imperialist platform?
William Jennings Bryan
cuban patriot who launched a war for independence from Spain in 1895.
a rival newspaper publisher who heightened the public's dislike of the Spanish government
William Randolph Hearst
Pulitzers' and Hearsts' publications that feautured a popular comic-strip character called the Yellow Kid
navy commodore who steamed his squadron of vessels into Manila Bay, in the Spanish-held Philippines, on May 1, 1898
led the Filipino nationalists and defeated the Spanish Army
rugged westerners and upper-class easterners who relished what Roosevelt called the "strenuous life."
officially ended the war, signed by Spain and the U.S. in December 1898
Treaty of Paris
The Boxer Rebellion was a revolt by
members of a secret society.
A weaker or smaller country is said to be in a more powerful country's sphere of influence when it grants the larger country
trade privelages and other benfefits
Guerilla warfare infolves irregular tactics such as
surprise raids and hit-and-run attack.
U.S. Secretary of State John Hay was responsible for explaining to the European countries
the Open Door Policy.
The Great White Fleet was a group of battleships designed
to demonstrate to the world U.S. navy power.
When Filipinos organized an insurrection or rebellion against U.S. rules, the United States found itself
using tactics like Spain had done in Cuba.
What did Governor Taft do to help restore order in the Philippines?
censored the press.
What liberated the Philippines from Japanese occupation?
the Jones Act
What policy was designed to provide access to trade in China?
Who won the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to negotiate an end to the Russo-Japanese War?
Britain, France, Germany, and Russia all had spheres of influence in _______.
Unlike Britain, France, and Russia, the U.S. wanted to keep trade in china _____.
Governor Taft later became ________ of the U.S.
form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters.
future U.S. President, became governor of the Philippines in 1901.
William Howard Taft
a region dominated and controlled by an outside power.
sphere of influence
U.S. secretary of state, issued the first series of notes to foreign diplomats in 1899.
violence started by members of a secret society in China, which prompted the governments of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion.
American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there.
Open Door Policy
a war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the pressence of Russian troops in Manchuria.
pact between the U.S. and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in san francisco public schools. In return, Japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the U.S.
battleships sent by Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world
Great White Fleet
The ________________ prevented Cuba from signing a treaty with any other country without the approval of the United States.
General John J. Pershing chased the Mexican rebel leader ____________________________.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
President Taft's _________________ meant supporting American investments in foreign countries.
The _________________ determined the form of government in Puerto Rico.
The _____________________ asserted that the United States should act as Latin America's police power, intervening to restore order when necessary.
Roosevelt's ________________________ depended on a strong military to achieve U.S. goals.
"big stick" diplomacy
Wilson's statement that the U.S. would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights.
human-made waterway linking the Atlanta to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama.
President Roosevelt and Wilson resorted frequently to the use of U.S. troops in ______________.
After the Spanish-American War, Cubans and Puerto Ricans...
had their rights restricted.
How did the United States get access to the Canal Zone in Panama?
backed Panama rebels
Favoring honorable diplomacy but still resorting to military intervention upon occasion would be an example of...
Who ran Mexico for decades as a dictator?
Under ______ diplomacy American imperialism and conquest decreased.
President Roosevelt sent troops to support Panamanian rebels in the fight against Columbia so that the U.S. could get the rights to build a canal in Panama at a ___________.