Why did europeans want to find a direct sea route to Asia? Who controlled land route?
To trade more quickly with asia, mulsim or arab traders had controlled most of the land routes as well as sea ports in the middle eat and east african coast.
Why was sea exploration over long distances nearly impossible in 1200-1300s?
Lack of triangular sail to travel against wind. Caravel not used at that time by most European explorers. Afraid to venture out in open sea without sight of land.
Explain what the following technological advancements were and how they made exploration possible.
Caravel, triangular sails, astrolabe, magnetic compass
What European country led the way in exploration and applying new sailing techniques in the mid to late 1400s? Why did this country lead the way?
Portugal. King Henry set up navigation schools and helped finance voyages of exploration
Prince Henry? What did he do? What year/time period? What country did he represent?
15th century, portugal, set up navigation school
Bartolomeau Dias What did he do? What year/time period? What country did he represent?
Late 15th century, portugal, voyaged al the way to the tip of south africa
Vasco da Gama-What did he do? What year/time period? What country did he represent?
late 15th century, portugal, first european to sail around africa sea route to india
What was the line of demarcation? Who drew it? Why was it needed?
LINE DIVIDING THE WORLD INTO TWO HALVES CREATED BY THE POPE TO END AN EXPLORATION DISPUTE
What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?
1494 TREATY DIVIDING THE WORLD INTO EAST AND WEST TO SETTLE DISPUTE BETWEEN PORTUGAL AND SPAIN; PORTUGAL GETS EAST PLUS BRAZIL, SPAIN GETS THE REST OF THE AMERICAS.
What did the English & Dutch (Netherlands) do to try to get into profitable Indian Ocean trade? Which country was more successful? When did they start?
SET UP TRADING COMPANIES IN THE LATE 1500'S TO HANDLE THEIR TRADE BETWEEN THEM AND ASIAN COUNTRIES. DUTCH WERE MOST SUCCESSFUL BECAUSE THEY COMPLIED WITH ASIAN RULES OF TRADING (TRIBUTE/KOWTOW/PORTS ALLOWED
What was the East India Company? What did the companies do? Why were there two different companies? Which was more successful?
A TRADING COMPANY OF BOTH THE DUTCH AND ENGLISH. IT ACTED AS ITS OWN GOVERNMENT WHO SET UP TREATIES TO TRADE WITH OTHER COUNTRIES WITHIN SOUTHEAST ASIA. HAD ITS OWN ARMY TO PROTECT ITS TRADING INTERESTS AS WELL AS MINT MONEY.
How did the Dutch gain more control of Indian Ocean trade in the 1600s? How did this effect Amsterdam? What important location did they control?
THE DUTCH COMPANY BECAME RICHER AND MORE POWERFUL THAN ENGLAND'S, THUS FORCING ENGLAND OUT OF THE SOUTHEAST ASIAN AREA. AMSTERDAM BECAME A LEADING COMMERCIAL CENTER WITHIN EUROPE BECAUSE OF THE LARGE AMOUNT OF ASIAN GOODS IT HAD TO SELL.