people are the source of the government's power
ex. person voting for the president
people elect their political representatives
The constitution limits the actions of government by specifically listing powers it does and doesn't have.
ex. the Constitution
In this government system, power is divided between national and state governments.
ex. the power is divided between president and government
Separation of Powers
Each of the three branches of government has its own responsibilities.
Checks and Balances
Each branch of government holds some control over the other two branches.
Ex. Not one branch can have more power
Basic liberties and rights of all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
Ex. Bill of Rights promises unalienable rights.