# EIDWS Common Core 101 First Aid/Safety Fundamentals

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### 101.1. Discuss the concept of ORM.

A systematic, decision-making process used to identify and manage hazards that endanger naval resources.

ORM is a tool used to make informed decisions by providing the best baseline of knowledge and experience available.

It's purpose is to increase operational readiness by anticipating hazards and reducing the potential for success to gain competitive advantage in combat.

### 101.2. Explain the follow as they apply to ORM.

IAMIS

Identify hazards
Assess hazards
Making risk decision
Implement controls
Supervising

### 101.3. State the instruction that governs safety and mishap reporting.

OPNAVINST 5102.1

Navy & Marine Corps Mishap Safety Investigation, Reporting, and Record Keeping Manual

### 101.4. Define hazard severity and discuss the 4 categories of hazard severity.

1) Death/Grave Damage
4) Minimal Threat

### 101.5 Define mishap probability and describe the 4 subcategories of mishap probability.

CAT A - Likely to occur immediately
CAT B - Provably will occur in time
CAT C - May occur in time
CAT D - Unlikely to occur

### 101.6 Define RAC and list the 5 RACs.

The risk assessment code (RAC) is a combination of the severity with
the probability or
level of risk for each hazard, expressed as a single Arabic
number.

1) Critical
2) Serious
3) Moderate
4) Minor
5) Negligible

### 101.7 Discuss the timeliness and means for filing mishap investigations.

Timeliness:
Class A - 8 hours
Class B - 30 days
Class C - 30 days

Means for filing:

Safety Incident Report (SIREP)

Class A -
- Involving hospitalization of three or more personnel:

Phone or Electronic Message

Class A -
- Involving hospitalization of less than three personnel:

Electronic Message

Class B & C -
- Web-Enabled Safety System (WESS) or Naval Message

### 101.8 Name the 4 required mishap reportable items.

1. Class A, B and C government property damage mishaps.

2. Class A, B, and C on-duty DoD civilian mishaps and military on/off-duty mishaps.

3. Any other work-related illness or injury that involves
medical treatment beyond first aid, loss of consciousness, and/or days away from work, as well as light duty or limited duty for on/off-duty military personnel, or days of job transfer or restricted work for on-duty civilians.

4. Other incidents of interest to the Navy and Marine Corps for mishap prevention purposes.

### 101.9 State the purpose of a HAZREP message.

- A Hazard Report (HAZREP) is intended to be submitted when the elimination and control of a given hazard has community-wide implication in reducing mishaps.

- Providing information on problems with widespread relevance will help reduce mishaps.

### 101.10 State the three objectives of first aid.

1) Save Life
2) Prevent Further Injury
3) Prevent Infection

### 101.11 State the three methods of controlling bleeding.

1) Direct Pressure
2) Pressure Points
3) Tourniquet

### 101.12 Identify the 11 pressure points.

1) Temple (Temporal Artery)
2) Jaw (Facial Artery)
3) Neck (Carotid Artery)
4) Collar Bone (Subclavian Artery)
5) Inner Upper Arm (Brachial)
6) Inner Elbow (Brachial Artery/Radial Artery/Ulnar Artery))
8) Groin (Femoral Artery)
9) Upper Thigh (Femoral Artery)
10) Knee (Popliteal Artery)
11) Ankle (Posterior Tibial Artery/Dorsal Pedis Artery)

### 101.13 Describe the symptoms for shock.

The symptoms of a person suffering from shock are caused, directly or indirectly, by the disturbance of the circulation of the blood. Symptoms of shock include the following:

• The pulse is weak and rapid.
• Breathing is shallow, rapid, and irregular.
• Face, arms, and legs feel cold to the touch.
• Sweating is likely.
• Very pale, but may have a bluish or reddish color.

### 101.14 State the difference between an open and closed fracture.

Closed Fracture -
The skin remains intact.

Open Fracture -
The bone protrudes from the skin.

### 101.15 Describe the procedures necessary for the following as applied to electrical shock.

Don't touch the victim's body, the wire, or any other object that may be conducting electricity.

• Remove from current immediately.
- Turn off power.
- Remove from electrical current with nonconductive material.

• Administer artificial ventilation, if necessary.

• Check victim's pulse, if necessary.

### 101.17. Describe the methods for clearing an obstructed airway.

Standing Abdominal Thrust -

1. Stand behind the victim and wrap your arms around the victim's waist.
2. Grasp your wrist and place the thumb side of your fist against the victim's abdomen, above the navel and just below the rib cage.
3. Give four quick upward thrusts to the victim. The obstruction should pop out like a champagne cork. If unsuccessful, repeat until the obstruction is dislodged.

Reclining Abdominal Thrust -

1. Position yourself for the thrust by either straddling the victim at the hips, straddling one leg, or kneeling at the victim's hips.
2. Place your hands one on top of the other in the area between the lower end of the sternum and the navel, and give four quick upward thrusts into the abdomen.

Standing Chest Thrust -

1. Bring your arms under the arms of the victim and encircle the lower chest.
2. Grasp your wrist, keeping the thumb side close to the victim's chest. (Keep your fist on the middle, not the lower part, of the sternum.)
3. Press the chest with a sharp, backward thrust.

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