US History 2: Chapter 25

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The United States in World War II

george marshall

army chief of staff general who pushed for the formation of women's auxiliary army corps to meet the growing need for military's work force

womens auxillary army corps

u.s. army unit created during ww2 to enable women to serve in noncombat positions

a. phillip randolph

african-american civil rights leader and union organizer who planned a march on Washington to protest racial discrimination in war industries and the armed forces

manhattan project

the u.s. program to develop an atomic bomb for use in world war 2

office of price administration

an agency established by congress to control inflation during world war 2

war production board

an agency established during world war 2 to coordinate the production of military supplies by u.s. industries

rationing

a restriction of people's right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the military

dwight eisenhower

united states general who supervised the invasion of normandy, casablanca and the defeat of nazi germany

d-day

a name given to june 6, 1944 - the day on which the allies launched an invasion of the european mainland during world war 2

omar bradley

american general who led the ground forces at d day

george patton

american general who fought in north africa and europe and won the battle of the bulge

battle of the bulge

a month-long battle of world war 2, in which the allies succeeded in turning back the last major german offensive of the war

v-e day

a name given to may 8, 1945, "victory in europe day" on which general eisenhower's acceptance of unconditional surrender of nazi germany marked the end of world war 2 in europe

douglas macarthur

american general, who commanded allied troops in the pacific during world war 2

chester nimitz

united states admiral of the pacific fleet during world war 2 who used aircraft carriers to destroy the japanese navy

battle of midway

a world war 2 battle that took place in early june 1942. the allies decimated the japanese fleet at midway, an island lying northwest of hawaii. the allies then took the offensive in the pacific and began to move closer to japan

kamikaze

involving or engaging in the deliberate crashing of a bomb-filled airplane into a military target

j robert oppenheimer

leader of manhattan project

hiroshima and nagasaki

locations of the u.s. atomic bomb drop onto japan

nuremberg trials

the court proceedings held in nuremberg, germany after world war 2, in which nazi leaders were tried for war crimes

gi bill of rights

a name given to the servicemen's readjustment act, a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits for world war 2 veterans

james farmer

civil rights leader who founded the congress of racial equality

congress of racial equality

an interracial group founded in 1942 by james farmer to work against segregation in northern cities

internment

confinement or a restriction in movement, especially under wartime conditions

japanese american citizens league

an organization that pushed the u.s. government to compensate japanese americans for property they had lost when they were interned during world war 2

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