Antigone

Created by Sumin413 

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Dithyramb

(ancient Greece) a passionate hymn (usually in honor of Dionysus) origin of tragedy

Thespis

Greek poet who is said to have originated Greek tragedy (sixth century BC) introduced first actor/dialogue

Antigone

(Greek mythology) the daughter of King Oedipus who disobeyed her father and was condemned to death

Aeschylus

added second actor; wrote trilogies on unified themes

sophocles

added third actor; chorus to 15; intro painted scenery; made each play of trilogy separate in nature

Euripides

reduced particpation of chorus on miain action; heavily relied on prologues and deus ex machina endings

theatron

"Seeing place" where the audience sat

orchestra

circular dancing place where actors and chorus performed

thymele

altar of dionysus that sits in the center of orchestra

skene

in ancient greek, a building behind the playing area that was originally a hut in which actors changes masks/costumes.

proskenion

Backdrop

parados

entrances on sides for chorus members

hypocrites

the answerer; playing roles; actor dramatist originally the same; never more than three (a. protagonist b. deuteragonist c. tritagonist); male play females too

costume

flowing robes(color symbolically); large masks(of cork and wood and linen;identified age and gender and emotion;exaggerated features large eyes open mouth); high boots

music

choral odes with music(flute lyre percussion);

dance

dance expressive rhythmical movement

chorus

sets mood and expresses theme; adds beauty through song and dance; gives background info; divides action and offers reflections on events; questions advises expresses opinion usually through chorus leader

limitation on theater

no continuous chorus; no intermission; no lighting or curtains

messenger

tells new happening away from scene; reports acts of violence not allowed to be seen

conventions

action-simple plot
time- single day
place- one scene throughout

tragoi

skin of goat as disguise/costume; tragedy comes from it

festival of dionysus

20,000 people; businesses close, jails open, section for women and girls

six elements of drama

plot
Character
thought
Diction
Melody
Spectacle

plot

simple w/o anagorisis or peripeteia
complex w/ 1

character

have clear motivation 2

thought

thesis 3

diction

language; appear of intellect 4

music

appeal to ears; chorus 5

spectacle

appeal to eyes 6

tragic hero

noble birth; has harmartia and hubris and leads to anagorisis and peripety

catharsis

purgation of pity and fear

moira

fate; destiny through delphic oracle or as family curse

reverance

submission to gods

agon

struggle conflict ordeal; basis of plot

hubris

excessive pride

arete

excellence

hamartia

fraility; weakness; or mistake of a character

nemesis

doom, forces of resistance to tragic protagonist

peripety

reversal of fate

anagnorisis

recognition; ignorance and knowledge

tragic incident

violent act resulting from peripety

catastrophe

ending of tragedy w/ deaths; hero doesn't die and suffers complete ruin.

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