(ancient Greece) a passionate hymn (usually in honor of Dionysus) origin of tragedy
Greek poet who is said to have originated Greek tragedy (sixth century BC) introduced first actor/dialogue
(Greek mythology) the daughter of King Oedipus who disobeyed her father and was condemned to death
added second actor; wrote trilogies on unified themes
added third actor; chorus to 15; intro painted scenery; made each play of trilogy separate in nature
reduced particpation of chorus on miain action; heavily relied on prologues and deus ex machina endings
"Seeing place" where the audience sat
circular dancing place where actors and chorus performed
altar of dionysus that sits in the center of orchestra
in ancient greek, a building behind the playing area that was originally a hut in which actors changes masks/costumes.
entrances on sides for chorus members
the answerer; playing roles; actor dramatist originally the same; never more than three (a. protagonist b. deuteragonist c. tritagonist); male play females too
flowing robes(color symbolically); large masks(of cork and wood and linen;identified age and gender and emotion;exaggerated features large eyes open mouth); high boots
choral odes with music(flute lyre percussion);
dance expressive rhythmical movement
sets mood and expresses theme; adds beauty through song and dance; gives background info; divides action and offers reflections on events; questions advises expresses opinion usually through chorus leader
limitation on theater
no continuous chorus; no intermission; no lighting or curtains
tells new happening away from scene; reports acts of violence not allowed to be seen
time- single day
place- one scene throughout
skin of goat as disguise/costume; tragedy comes from it
festival of dionysus
20,000 people; businesses close, jails open, section for women and girls
six elements of drama
simple w/o anagorisis or peripeteia
complex w/ 1
have clear motivation 2
language; appear of intellect 4
appeal to ears; chorus 5
appeal to eyes 6
noble birth; has harmartia and hubris and leads to anagorisis and peripety
purgation of pity and fear
fate; destiny through delphic oracle or as family curse
submission to gods
struggle conflict ordeal; basis of plot
fraility; weakness; or mistake of a character
doom, forces of resistance to tragic protagonist
reversal of fate
recognition; ignorance and knowledge
violent act resulting from peripety
ending of tragedy w/ deaths; hero doesn't die and suffers complete ruin.
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