Chapter Questions

342 terms by mattmasaro

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yayayaa.

About _____% of all mammal species are in the Order Rodentia.

40

The _______ are the only egg-laying mammals.

monotremes

Wolverines belong to the same family as the _______.

fisher

Wilson and Reeder classify the marsupials into ______ orders.

7

______ of the following is an odd-toed ungulate.

zebra

Mammals are characterized by having ______ occipital condyles.

2

A Capuchin is a species of _______.

New World Monkey

Meerkats are indigenous to the ______ desert.

Kalahari

The Waterbuck is actually not found in Africa, but rather in southeast Asia.

False

Mammals all have _____ cervical vertebrae.

7

The ______ is a forest dwelling close relative of the Giraffe.

Okapi

The classification scheme used by Wilson and Reeder for marsupials, partly emphasized structure of the _______.

foot

______ are the most arboreal Old World Monkeys.

Colobus Monkeys

Otters belong to the same family as the _______.

fisher

The Dingo of Australia is actually a marsupial.

false

Mountain Lions and Florida Panthers are members of the same species.

True

About _____ of the Marsupials have a permanent pouch for carrying young.

1/2

There are _______ surviving species of Order Monotremata.

3

Mammals all have ____ dentition.

heterodont

The classification scheme used by Wilson and Reeder for marsupials, partly emphasizes structure of the _______.

dentition

Orangutans are native to ________.

Southeast Asia

Odd-toed Ungulates typically have less efficient digestive systems than the Even-toed Ungulates.

true

The ______ is the sole member of its family.

Pronghorn

The Ocelot is a species that is indigenous to _______.

Central America

________ of the following is an odd-toed ungulate.

Tapir

Modern ______ are thought to be most like the first mammals.

insectivores

Schmidt's Spot-nosed Guenon is a species of _________.

Old world monkeys

Mammals have ________ jaw articulation.

dentary-squamosal

_______ is the habitat of the Hartebeast.

Short-Mid grassland

_________(family) families of Marsupials occur(s) in Australia.

15

_________ is an African antelope of tall grass.

Roan Antelope

There are no Bears in Africa.

False

Sloths are adapted for a diet of _________.

leaves

________ of the following is a hindgut forager.

zebra

Richard Kilitie found a relationship between frequency of forest fires and the _______ of fox squirrels.

amount of black fur

The Virginia Opossum arrived in North America in the ________.

Pilocene

________ of the following is an odd-toed ungulate.

Rhinoceros

_________ (family) families of Marsupials occur(s) in Africa.

0

_______ is a rocky semi-desert dweller.

dorcas gazelle

The ________ are insectivorous mammals limited to Madagascar.

Tenrecs

_______ (family) families of Marsupials occur(s) in South America.

3

The ______ is a desert dwelling antelope in Africa.

Addax

Of the following, pigs are most closely related to _________.

deer

The oldest species of Ardapithecus dates back more than _______ years.

5 million

The pollex is a technical term for _______.

the thumb

The _______ may be the oldest primate group.

Tarsiers

The New World Monkey group apparently colonized the New World in the ________.

tertiary

Neanderthals and modern humans did not coexist

false

Dryopithecus died out about _______ years ago.

8 million

An opposable thumb is seen in the ______.

Catarrhini

One author hypothesized that Neanderthals may have had a gestation period of ________ months.

11-12

The ________ uses it specialized third digit to tap on wood to detect insects.

Aye Aye

________ is the oldest species in the genus Homo.

habilis

Homo floresiensis fossils were discovered in _________.

Indonesia

The Aye Aye is a secretive species of the Strepsirrhini native to the Philippines.

False

Lemurs reach their greatest species diversity in Madagascar

false

Neanderthals apparently were adapted for feeding on ___________.

large mammals

The Lorises belong to the ___________.

Strepsirrhini

The Tarsiers today are limited in distribution to the New World topics.

false

The fossil known as "Lucy" was discovered in _________.

Ethiopia

The most recent fossils for Neanderthals show that they died out roughly ______ years ago.

27,000

Sivapithecus fossils have been found mostly in _______.

india

The Gibbons are in the same family as humans

false

Members of the genus Paranthropus apparently became specialized for a diet of ______.

roots and tubers

Lemurs reach their greatest species diversity in Madagascar.

True

The Platyrrhini includes the New World monkeys and the ______.

Marmosets

The hallux is technical term for _______.

the big toe

The Haplorrhini are characterized by all species having _______.

dry noses

The Strepsirrhini broke off the main Primate lineage during the ______.

Cretaceous

______ was the first species of the genus Paranthropus.

aethiopicus

Dryopithecus was the fossil ape that inhabited __________.

Spain

Homo _____ gave rise to three lineages.

ergaster

There are roughly _______ species of Marmosets.

26

Recent discoveries indicate that the limb structure of Dryopithecus was similar to that of modern _______.

Orangutans

________ is now considered to be the oldest member of the human tribe.

Ardipithecus kadabba

The gibbons belong to the _________.

Catarrhini

Of the following groups only the _______ have a non-opposable thumb.

New World Monkeys

The Lemurs belong to the _______.

Strepirrhini

Sloths and anteaters are toothless.

false

Tortoises survive today in the indian ocean only on the island of _______.

aldabra

McNabb argued that flightlessness was common in islands because of __________.

reduced energy expenditures

Widow birds are native to the _______ Zoogeographic Region.

ethiopian

There are some scattered grassland habitats in the Oriental Zoogeographic Region.

true

The Vassa is an ecological replacement for ________.

cats

Species that occur in one place and are not known to occur anywhere else are said to be ______ to that area.

endemic

Numbats feed almost exclusively on_______.

ants and termites

The _______ was essentially a flightless pigeon in the Mascarene Islands.

Dodo

Sloths and anteaters are toothless.

false

Atkinson argued that _______ were a major threat to Hawaiian forest birds.

rats

________ is the first step in adaptive radiation.

increase in population size

The Vassa forages on _______.

lemurs

On Madagascar the ______ is a tree climbing predatory species of the Old World weasel family Viverridae.

Vassa

Extinction rates are higher where _______.

area is smaller

The Fairy Wrens are native to the _______ Zoogeographic Region.

Australasian

The Elephant Bird was native to _________.

Madagascar

Tortoises filled the niche of large grazing herbivores _________.

on islands near the equator

About half of all oceanic islands were formed as a result of continental drift.

false

The flying foxes (Oder Dermoptera) are indigenous to the ________ Zoogeographic Region.

Oriental

Pigeons and doves on islands have commonly shifted their diets toward feeding on more ________.

fruit

Darlington observed a relationship between species number and __________.

island area

The Wombats of Australia convergent with _______ of North America.

groundhogs

_________ is the main effect of introduced pigs on islands.

habitat destruction

_______ in the Australasian Zoogeographic Region fills the niche of the sloths in the Neotropics.

Koala

________ is an example of a group that has undergone adaptive radiation in islands.

darwin's finches

There are some scattered grassland habitats in the Oriental Zoogeographic Region.

true

The Nearctic Zoogeographic Region shares several groups of birds and mammals with the _______ Zoogeographic region

palearctic

The Tropics of New Guinea have _______ species of native monkeys.

0

Zoogeographic regions are based chiefly on _______.

evolutionary history

The _______ on Guam has been implicated as the major agent for extinctions in forest birds.

Brown tree snake

The leaf birds are found in the _______ Zoogeographic Region.

oriental

________ came up with the notion of Zoogeographic Regions.

Wallace

Flightless Cormorants are native to the ________ islands.

Galapagos

Islands, in general, are characterized by having ________.

high extinction rates

Golden moles are found in the _______ Zoogeographic Region.

Ethiopian

In the 1970s, 12,000 ________ were introduced to Washington State from South America for sport hunting.

tinamous

Elephant Shrews are found only in the _______ Zoogeographic Region.

Ethiopian

In a completely nested pattern all the three species fragments would have __________.

the same 3 species

In the Piceance Basin, some bird species of the Pinyon-Juniper Woodland would not cross even the smallest cleared areas

true

Land Managers cleared pinyon-juniper woodland in the Piceance Basin using ________.

chaining and burning

Smaller fragments of habitat might not support a species because there is _______.

not enough food

The most vehicle cause black bear deaths in Florida have occurred in the __________ area.

Ocala National Forest

The Chief predators of small woodland birds in the Piceance Basin are ________.

hawks

Neotropical migrants are all passerine birds.

false

If the bird fauna in a series of fragments is nested then the mammals and flowering plants would also have to be nested.

false

Bolger and his team did not explicitly test the degree of isolation of a fragment age was important.

true

Bolger and his colleagues studied the distribution of _______ in chaparral fragments and plots.

birds

Because of the impact of roads on certain species, the FWC and DOT _________.

built tunnels under some roads

In a completely nested fauna, the best strategy would be to protect ________.

as a single large area

The Piceance Basin is in _______.

western Colorado

Bolger and colleagues tested the notion that a pattern of nestedness might be due simply to ________.

sampling

The opposite extreme of a completely random distributional pattern is a completely ______ pattern.

nested

Smaller fragments tend to have relatively more _______, which can increase predation pressure.

edge

Bolger and his team found that the effect of reducing area of habitat was ________.

greater in fragments

Of the following, ______ is an example of a species that is endangered by roads in Florida.

black bear

Since the construction of tunnels under Alligator Alley there have been _______ panther mortalities due to vehicle collisions along this road.

0

The idea that corridors could serve as landscape linkages came from ________.

Harris

Between 1976 and 2004 about _______ bears were killed on Florida Roads.

1356

Once the Pinyon-juniper woodland was cleared the areas were seeded with ______.

crested wheatgrass

Green Crabs were introduced to the United States from _______.

Europe

Green Crabs were first reported on the West Coast of the United States in ________.

1989

The Eurasian Collared Dove came to the United States when it was intentionally introduced to Central Park in New York City.

False

Ladybird beetles were introduced to ______ to control a leaf scale insect that was destroying native cedar trees.

bermuda

The only surviving wild population of one-humped camels occurs in ______.

Australia

Sea Lampreys invaded the Great Lakes following _______.

construction of canals

According to Moulton there are fewer examples of introductions to LDCs and MDCs.

true

________ were introduced to cane fields in Australia to control cane grubs.

cane toads

Burmese Pythons in Everglades National Park were likely introduced by ________.

private citizens

______ were introduced to Bermuda to control introduced Anolis lizards.

great kiskadees

Colonists from ______ brought House Sparrows to Hawaii.

england

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