hole in the heart
One of the most common birth defects of the heart (septal defects) can be very minor or a serious conditioning requiring surgery, depending on the size of the ___________________.
hypoplastic left heart syndrome
This heart defect means the left ventricle isn't fully open or developed properly and requires surgery (which has even been done before birth).
The condition where the aorta of the heart has a narrow opening (usually requires surgery to allow more blood flow to the body) is known as:
The birth defect due to the neural tube not closing correctly on the spine portion of the body; can be minor to severe (if severe, surgery is necessary and life-long mobility problems usually result).
The birth defect where the roof of the mouth didn't fully close during development. Can cause problems with feeding and speech.
The birth defect where the upper lip didn't fully develop and there is visible hole in the tissue between the nose and mouth.
The birth defect where some of the stomach and intestines are on the outside and have to be surgically placed inside the body.
The birth defect where the urethra doesn't open at the tip of the penis but rather underneath it.
Although the cause of most birth defects is unknown, many doctors believe that _____________________ are mainly to blame.
Doctors recommending taking this specific vitamin before and during pregnancy to help prevent birth defects.