Science Chapter 5 Earth

Created by lwachtel 

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landform

physical feature on the Earth's surface

fault

deep cracks in the Earth's crust

active volcano

volcano that is currently erupting or recently erupted

extinct volcano

volcano that no longer erupts

shield volcano

broad base volcano built by thinner lava

cinder-cone volcano

volcano that has steep sides formed by thick lava thrown high in the air

composite volcano

built by layers of ash and cinders

epicenter

point directly above a focus where waves of energy ripple outward

lava

magma that reaches the surface

tsunami

huge waves that hit land and are caused by earthquakes under the ocean

erosion

process through which weathered rock is moved from one place to another

meander

gentle loops in slow-moving rivers

atmosphere

all the gases around Earth

inner crust

deepest layer of Earth

geologist

scientist that examines rocks

plate tectonics

theory that explains how forces deep within Earth can cause continents to move

compression

force that occurs when plates of the Earth's crust are pushed into each other

Hawaiian Islands

formed by lava erupting from a hot spot under the ocean florr

magnitude

amount of energy released by an earthquake

weathering

process through which rocks are broken down

canyons

formed by erosion of flowing water

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