Ethnic, Racial, and and Religious Subcultures

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Subculture

"A group whose members share beliefs and common experiences that set them apart from other members of a culture."

• Every one of us belongs to many of these, depending on our age, race, ethnic background, or place of residence.
• Our group memberships within our society-at-large help to define us.

Key Subcultures

1. Ethnic
2. Racial
3. Religious

Micro-Cultures

"Groups that form around a strong shared identification with an activity or art form."
• Demographically based subcultures.

What are some of the key characteristics of major ethnic subcultures in America?

Major Ethnic Subcultures in America
1. African Americans
• Tend to drink their coffee with sugar and cream much more than do Caucasians.
• Skin takes on deeper meaning for African Americans.

2. Hispanic Americans
•Young: 34% were younger than age 18 in 2004, compared with 25% of the total population.
•Tend to be brand loyal
• Low degree of acculturation
• Many Hispanic Americans appreciate marketing efforts that acknowledge their cultural heritage.
• Family size tends to be large. The average Hispanic household contains 3.5 people, compared to only 2.7 for other U.S. households.
•Hispanic Households spend 15 to 20% more of their disposable income than the national average on groceries.
• Regard clothing their children well as a matter of pride.
• Products ability to save time are not terribly important to the Hispanic homemaker.

3. Asian Americans
• Very sensitive to design and location of a home.
• Make up the fastest-growing population group.
• Most affluent, best-educated, and most likely to hold technology jobs of any ethnic subculture.
• More likely to buy high tech gadgets.
• Composed of numerous culturally diverse subgroups that use different languages and dialects.
• Most frequent shoppers of all racial and ethnic groups
• The most brand-conscious.
• The least brand loyal.
• Most concerned about keeping up appearances.

Ethnic subculture

A self-perpetuating group of consumers who share common cultural or genetic ties, where both its members and others recognize it as a distinct category.

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