What is latitude?
Latitude is the measurement in degrees east or west of the equator.
What is longitude?
Lonitude is the measurement in degrees north or south of the equator.
What are the 7 continents?
Africa, Antartica, Asia, Austrailia, Europe, North America, South America.
What are the 5 oceans?
Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, Southern Oceans.
The Interior Lowlands are located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains. Rolling flatlands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills.
Rugged Mountains along Pacific Ocean with fertile valleys.
Basin and Range
Located west of the Rocky Mountains and east Sierra Nevadas and the cascades. Area of varying elevations contains Death Valley (lowest point in North America)
Located west of Coastal Plains, extending from eastern Canada to western Alabama; including the Piedmont. Old eroded mountains. (oldest mountain range in North America)
Located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range. Rugged mountains, high elevation. Contains Continental Divide which determines directional flow of rivers.
Located west of the Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains. Flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward.
Located along the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico. Broad lowlands providing many excellent harbors.
Wrapped around th Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape. Hills worn down by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers. Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America.
Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
These rivers are located west of the Appalachain Mountain Region, were used to transport farm and industrial products, and were links to ports and other parts of the world.
Gulf of Mexico
The Gulf of Mexico provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America.
The Rio Grande is located in the southwestern United States. It forms our southern border with Mexico.
The Ohio River is located in the Appalachian mountain Region and was known as the gateway to the west. Settlers used it for westward migration to make the United States.
The Atlantic Ocean served as a watery highway for early explorers and settlers. Later, immigrants from all over the world crossed the Atlantic to build a better life for themselves and their families. It is located on the east side of North America.
The Pacific Ocean is located on the west side of the United States.It was an early exploration route as well as the Atlantic Ocean.
The Columbia River is located in the northwestern corner of the United States, was traveled by Lewis and Clark as they explored the western territories from the Mississippi River west to the Pacific Ocean.
The Colorado River is located in the southwestern part of the United States.It was traveled by the Spanish as they explored the southwestern United States.
St. Lawrence River
The St. Lawrence River is a large river flowing approximately from southwest to northeast in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting with the Atlantic Ocean.
Water- Related Geographic Features
Lakes, Rivers, Tributaries, Gulfs and Bays
Land- Related Geographic Features
Mountains, Hills, Plateaus, Plains, Islands, Peninsulas.
How Did the Geographic Features Affect the Growth of the U.S?
Geographic features affected the growth of the U.S. with patterns of trade, locations of cities and towns, westward movements, and agriculture and fishing industries.
The recovery of materil evidence remaining from the past.
The people that study human behavior and cultures of the past through recovery and analysis.
Any object tha was made or used by humans that provide information about human behavior in the past.
Located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia. One of the oldest arcaelogical sites in North America. Humans lived at Cactus Hill as early as 18,000 years ago.
The Iroquois lived in northeast North America. Climate sesonal, heavily forested.
Lived in the Pacific northwest coast. Climate rainy and mild.
Lived in present day Alaska and northern Canada where the temperature was below freezing most of the year.
Lived in southwest (New Mexico and Arizona). Climate hot and dry deserts.
Lived in Great Plains. Climate was dry grasslands.
What did Native Americans Use in Their Everyday Survival?
Inuit, Kwakiutl, Lakota, Pueblo, Iroquois.
What Were the Motivations for the Early Exploration of North America?
Gold, Glory, and God.
What Were the Obstacles Faced by the Early Explorers to North America?
Fear of the unknown.
Disease and starvation.
Poor maps and navigational tools.
Not enough supplies.
What Were the Accomplishments of the Early Explorations to North America?
Claimed territories (new land)
traded goods and ideas
Better navigational tools and maps
Who was the English Explorer that Claimed Northeastern Canada?
Who was the Spanish Explorer that Claimed Southwestern North America?
Who Were the French Explorers? What Land did They Claim?
Samuel De Champlain- Quebec
Robert La Salle- Mississippi Valley
How did the Spanish Ineract with Native Americans?
Conquered and enslaved many American Indians. Brought Chrisianity to the New World.
Brought European diseases.
How did the French Interact with the Native Americans?
Established trading posts.
Spread the Christian religion.
How did the Engish Interact with the Native Americans?
Claimed ownership of land.
Learnrd farming techniques from American Indians.
Traded goods with the American Indians.
How did the Europeans cooperate with Native Americans?
Taught farming techniques to European settlers.
They traded with each other.
What Conflict did Europeans and Native Americans have against each othe?
Difference in culture.
Difference in language.
Europeans claiming land.
What 3 West Africa Countries did Portugal Trade with for Gold?
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
Why Were Colonies Established in North America?
Religious and economic freedom.
Lost Colony established as an economic venture.
1st permanent English colony in North America.
An economic venture by the Virginia Company.
Settled by Sepratists from the Church of England who wanted to avoid religious persecution.
Massachusetts bay Colony
Settled by Puritans to avoid religious persecution.
Settled by Quakers who wanted to have freedom to practice their own religion.
Settled by debtor's prisoners in hope to experience new life and economic freedom.
New England Colonies
Found hilly terrains, rocky soil, and jagged coastlines.
Specialized in fishing, shipbuilding, and naval supply industries.
Mid- Atlantic Colonies
Rich farmlands allowed to produce livestock and grain.
Specialized in producing and growing grain to feed livestock and fishing.
Skilled and unskilled workers and fishermen were important human resources.
Large/small plantations and farms are found throughout the region.
Specialized in cash crops.
Farmers and african americans were important human resources.
Craftsmen on the plantation.
Lived in small villages and cities.
Farmed for a living.
Relied on family labor.
Rarely had any education.
Lived in the south.
Owned slaves and indentured servants.
Worked for someone.
For a certain amount of time.
Free at the end of contract.
Captured in Africa.
Owened as property.
Owned for life.
Allowed to work.