Chapter 14

Created by Shalisa 

Upgrade to
remove ads

69 terms

false

Since the ANS is a visceral motor system, afferent pathways are of no importance and actually are rarely found.

true

The rami communicantes are associated only with the sympathetic division of the ANS.

false

The gray rami communicantes consist of myelinated postganglionic fibers.

false

Splanchnic nerves are mixed motor and sensory nerves.

true

The autonomic nervous system may cause activation or inhibition, depending on the division that is active and the target that is affected.

true

The celiac ganglion is primarily associated with the sympathetic division.

true

The sympathetic chain is composed of collateral ganglia.

true

Thermoregulatory responses to increased heat are mediated by the sympathetic nervous division.

true

Most disorders of the autonomic nervous system reflect abnormalities of smooth muscle control.

true

Alpha-adrenergic effects are usually stimulatory and mediatory.

true

The adrenal medulla is considered a ʺmisplacedʺ sympathetic ganglion by some.

true

Acetylcholine is the substance released by the axonal endings of the somatic efferent fibers and by the parasympathetic nerve fiber endings.

false

Most body organs are innervated by only the sympathetic division of the nervous system.

true

Through direct neural stimulation, the sympathetic division promotes many metabolic effects via hormone release.

false

Cranial nerves VII, IX, and X contain postganglionic fibers of the parasympathetic nervous system.

false

In contrast to the parasympathetic division, the sympathetic division has numerous ganglionic neurons in the gray matter of the spinal cord.

false

Norepinephrine-releasing fibers are called cholinergic fibers.

false

The parasympathetic division is a branch of the somatic nervous system.

true

The craniosacral division is the same as the parasympathetic division.

false

The chain ganglion, like the dorsal root ganglion, contains soma from sensory neurons.

true

Most blood vessels are innervated by the sympathetic division alone.

false

The blood vessels of the skin are one of the few areas of the body where the vessels are innervated by both the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.

true

Events recorded in a lie detector examination are controlled by the sympathetic division.

false

All splanchnic nerves are sympathetic.

true

Splanchnic nerves pass through the abdominal aortic plexus.

true

The structures that specifically exhibit vasomotor tone are mostly under sympathetic control.

false

Since many of the same cardiac cells are innervated by both parasympathetic and sympathetic fibers, the influence of the two divisions on the heart is synergistic.

false

β-adrenergic receptors are the only receptors found on the heart.

true

Autonomic reflex centers occur in the spinal cord, medulla, and midbrain.

sympathetic stimulation

The secretions of the adrenal medulla act to supplement the effects of ________.

has two efferent neurons

In contrast to the somatic nervous system, the autonomic nervous system ________.

sympathetic nervous system

Preparing the body for the ʺfight-or-flightʺ response is the role of the ________.

organs and by short postganglionic fibers

The parasympathetic nervous system is characterized by peripheral ganglia near the ________.

a beta-blocker

A drug that might be used specifically to reduce heart rate in cardiac patients could be ________.

ciliary ganglion

The parasympathetic ganglion that serves the eye is the ________.

dilation of the blood vessels serving the skin and digestive viscera

Cardiovascular effects of the sympathetic division include all except ________.

X

Over 90% of all parasympathetic fibers are derived from cranial nerve number ________.

parasympathetic division

The ʺresting and digestingʺ division of the autonomic nervous system is the ________.

hypothalamus

Control of temperature, endocrine activity, and thirst are functions associated with the ________.

skeletal muscle

Which of these effectors is not directly controlled by the autonomic nervous system?

dilation of the pupils

Which of the following is not a result of parasympathetic stimulation?

brain stem and the sacral region of the cord

The site of origin of the preganglionic fibers of the parasympathetic nervous system is the ________.

single preganglionic axons make multiple synapses with ganglionic neurons

Sympathetic responses generally are widespread because ________.

first thoracic

Sympathetic nerves may leave the spinal cord at which vertebrae?

the cell bodies of motor neurons

Autonomic ganglia contain ________.

oculomotor

The parasympathetic fibers of the ________ nerves innervate smooth muscles of the lens of the eye, the muscles that cause the eye to bulge to accommodate close vision.

splanchnic nerves

Fibers that enter and leave the sympathetic chain without synapsing form structures called ________.

celiac

Which is not a plexus of the vagus nerve?

visceral arcs involve two motor neurons

Visceral reflex arcs differ from somatic in that ________.

determines normal activity of the urinary tract

The parasympathetic tone ________.

is directly controlled by the reticular formation of the brain stem

The autonomic nervous system ________.

carry preganglionic axons to the sympathetic chain

The white rami ________.

attach mainly to the β1 receptors of cardiac muscle

Beta-blockers ________.

is primarily under parasympathetic control

Erection of the penis or clitoris ________.

regulation of body temperature

Which is a uniquely sympathetic function?

is characterized by exaggerated vasoconstriction in the extremities

Raynaudʹs disease ________.

represents a return of reflex activity with no controls from higher centers

The mass reflex reaction ________.

the distal portion of the large intestine fails to develop parasympathetic innervation

In congenital megacolon (Hirschsprungʹs disease) ________.

clogging of preganglionic axon terminals with filaments

In aging, autonomic inefficiency is often due to ________.

thoracolumbar region, and the postganglionic fibers secrete norepinephrine

Sympathetic fibers leave the spinal cord in the ________.

in the armpit

Where would you not find an autonomic ganglion?

increased blood glucose, decreased GI peristalsis, and increased heart rate and blood pressure

Sympathetic division stimulation causes ________.

tenth cranial nerve

The smooth muscle of the digestive viscera is served largely by the ________.

vagus nerve

The route of major parasympathetic outflow from the head is the ________.

constriction of bronchioles

Parasympathetic functions include ________.

the same transmitter as the one released by parasympathetic postganglionic axons

All preganglionic axons of the autonomic nervous system release ________.

hypothalamus

Emotions influence autonomic reactions primarily through integration in the ________.

biofeedback

The possibility of control over autonomic responses is demonstrated by ________.

parotid gland

The vagus nerve does not innervate the ________.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set