Individuals, usually outside of the government, who actively promote a political party, philosophy, or issue they care about.
The process by which citizens can propose a state or local law or amendment to the state constitution by signing a formal petition asking that it be submitted as a ballot proposition for voter approval.
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
Campaign finance reform
Legislation aimed at placing limits on political candidates accepting money and gifts from individuals and special interest groups
A politician running for an office that he does not hold at the time of the election. Challengers run against incumbents or in open-seat elections.
a primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote
The boost that candidates may get in an election because of the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president.
Voting by a member of one party for a candidate of another party
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select officials directly
One of the two major US political parties. Considered to be left wing, supports liberal social policies and left wing economic policies.
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
527 campaign committees
a tax-exempt organisation created primarily to influence the nomination, election, appointment or defeat of candidates for public office, not regulated by the FEC
an FCC requirement that broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues provide time for opposing views
a politician favored mainly in his or her home state
a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)
The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention.
A term that refers to the regular pattern by which women are more likely to support Democratic candidates. Women tend to be significantly less conservative than men and are more likely to support spending on social services and to oppose higher levels of military spending.
an election held to choose which candidate will hold office
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
Political contributions given to a party, candidate, or interest group that are limited in amount and fully disclosed.
the official who holds an office
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters
a group of people with common goals who organize to influence government
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
a group of people who try actively to influence legislation
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials, especially legislators, and the policies they enact.
A campaign reform act which aimed to regulate the financing of campaigns, and especially soft money.
Real or imagined prejudice that is thought to affect what stories journalists cover and how they report those stories
Motor Voter Act of 1993
Signed into law by President Clinton, it enables people to register to vote at motor vehicle departments.
National nominating conventions
Quadrennial gathering of party officials and delegates that selects presidential and vice presidential nominees and adopts party platforms
An political ad which seeks to harm the reputation or appearance of another candidate.
sampling that does not follow guidelines of mathematical probability; does not involve random sampling.
a person that is eligible or not that does not vote
Primary election in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote.
a house or senate race with no incumbent (because of death or retirement)
the tendency of journalists to cover stories because other journalists are covering them and to ignore stories that other journalists arent covering
the gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification.
a citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years
The displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period.
the political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks
an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all American elections
Political Action Committee
committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
well organized political organization that controls election results by awarding jobs and other favors in exchange for votes
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
Election in which voters choose the candidates from each party who will run in the general election
government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast
Public interest group
an organization that seeks a collective good that will not selectively and materially benefit the members of the group.
a method of poll selection that gives each person in a group the same chance of being selected
traditional Democratic middle-class voters turning to Ronald Reagan during the 1980s
the process of reassigning representation based on population, after every census
the act of removing an official by petition
The practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
A western-based political party that grew out of a coalition of discontented western interest groups in 1986.
United States political faction that advocates social and political conservativism, school prayer, and federal aid for religious groups and schools
One of two major US political parties. Tends to be more socially conservative, and economically liberal (free).
a second primary election held when no candidate wins a majority of the votes in the first primary
An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted.
the level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll. The more people interviewed, the more confident one can be of the results.
Money raised in unlimited amounts by political parties for party-building purposes. Now largely illegal except for limited contributions to state or local parties for voter registration and get-out-the-vote efforts.
a ballot on which the voter has chosen candidates from different political parties when multiple offices are being decided by a single election.
A delegate to the Democratic national convention who is there by virtue of holding an office.
Day when several states hold their presidential primaries (usually the second Tuesday in March)
laws that limit the number of terms elected officials can serve
political parties that are smaller than the two major parties and introduce new ideas or press for a particular issue
The party system of the US, where two major parties (Democrats and Republicans) dominate state and national politics.
The sampling universe is the totatility of items/events from which you can select or sample for statistical analysis and description.
an issue about which the public is united and rival candidates or political parties adopt similar positions in hopes that each will be thought to best represent those widely shared beliefs
The number of eligible voters who actually vote in an election.
A system where the majority winner in an election wins all of the seats, instead of them being distributed proportionally among all candidates.