APUSH Chapter 13 Vocabulary

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Mr Barberree ch 13

John C. Calhoun

the war hawk who supported the post-War of 1812 tariff but later saw it as a tool to enrich a few Yankee manufacturers

Henry Clay

during Monroe's administration, southern anger and sectional rivalry were softened by the conciliation and compromising of this famous Kentucky political leader

Second Bank of the United States

armed with $35 million in capital and Federalist arguments justifying it, the Jeffersonian-Republicans created this in 1816

John Quincy Adams

the intelligent, experienced, aloof, and puritanical New Englander who won the election of 1824

Anti-Masonic

the first political party to hold a national nominating convention for their presidential candidate in 1831

Cherokee

President John Quincy Adams attempted to intervene on behalf of this Indian tribe in Georgia but was successfully resisted by the state's governor

New Democracy

the term for the Jacksonian change from a system based on property qualifications to one based on manhood suffrage

Specie Circular

in 1836 President Jackson had the Treasury issue a decree that required all public lands be purchased with "hard" or metallic money

Henry Clay

the candidate in the election of 1824 who presided over the House proceedings to elect a president that year

Davy Crockett

the semi-literate Tennessean, a symbol of Jacksonian democracy, who was elected to Congress three times and died in the Alamo in 1836

Democratic-Republicans

the name given to Republicans loyal to Jackson in the election of 1828

Robert Hayne

the silver-tongued senator from South Carolina who ably defended his region's interests in Congress during the late 1820s and early 1830s

Andrew Jackson

the presidential candidate who got the most electoral votes and most popular votes in the election of 1824

King Mob

the term conservatives used to describe what they called Jacksonian vulgarity which reminded them of the opening days of the French Revolution

National Republicans

the name given to Republicans loyal to Adams in the election of 1828

Nullification

the doctrine which sought to justify the right of a state not to obey a federal law within its own borders

John Randolph

the angered Virginian who ended up fighting a duel with Henry Clay after he accused Clay of making a deal with Adams

corrupt bargain

the alleged deal made between Clay and Adams in the election of 1824

rotation in office

the New Democracy supported this practice of letting as many citizens as possible feed at the public trough for at least a short time

South Carolina Exposition

the pamphlet of 1828 that carefully outlined the doctrine of nullification

spoils system

the practice of rewarding political supporters with public office

Tariff of Abominations

the tariff of 1828 which began as a scheme to unseat President Adams but ended by becoming a "bad" law

Martin Van Buren

Jackson's secretary of state who was referred to by his enemies as the "Little Magician"

Denmark Vesey

the free black who led an ominous slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822

West Indies

President John Quincy Adams was unable to get the British to agree to open trade to this rich colony

1832

Americans for the first time witnessed nominating conventions for presidential candidates during this election

Stephen Austin

in 1823 the Mexican government granted a huge tract of land to this man with the understanding that he would bring in 300 American families

Nicholas Biddle

the president of the Bank of the United States who used his position to gain Congressional support for the bank during the Jackson administration

John C. Calhoun

the vice-president of the United States who secretly wrote a pamphlet outlining the doctrine of nullification

Black Hawk

the leader of the Illinois and Wisconsin Indians who resisted eviction in 1832

Force Bill

the bill that Congress passed for President Jackson that authorized the use of the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties

Henry Clay

the author of the American System

King Andrew The First

For ignoring the Supreme Court and often defying or dominating Congress, Andrew Jackson was given this nickname

Goliad

in 1836 a small Mexican force surrounded and then butchered a small group of American volunteers who had surrendered here

William Henry Harrison

the candidate who defeated Martin Van Buren for the presidency when Van Buren sought his second term

William Crawford

the Georgian who took himself out of the election of 1824 when he suffered a paralytic stroke

Seminoles

the tribe of Florida Indians who tried to escape eviction by fleeing to the Everglades

Vermont

the trend toward manhood suffrage really began in 1791 when this state was admitted to the Union and had no property requirement

Sam Houston

the leader of the Texans who fought against the Mexican forces at San Jacinto in 1836

Independent Treasury Bill

Van Buren sought to divorce federal funds from politics with this piece of legislation

Andrew Jackson

the winner of the presidential election of 1832

Nullies

the nickname for the people of South Carolina who favored nullification in 1832

Oklahoma Territory

in the 1830s, most of the Indians in the southeast United States were moved to this "permanent" reservation

Revolution of 1828

the nickname given to the election of 1828 because of its great shift toward the common man

Osceola

the leader of the Florida Indians who tried to escape eviction by fleeing to the Everglades

Panic of 1837

overspeculation and get-rich-quick schemes led to this financial crisis during the administration of Martin Van Buren

removing federal funds

Jackson tried to cushion the shock of the expiration of the Bank of the United States' charter by doing this

John Quincy Adams

the member of the House who fought for free government, free speech, free soil, and free men and who was affectionately known as "Old Man Eloquent"

Rachel Jackson

the person accused in the presidential election of 1828 of committing bigamy and adultery

Samuel Swartwout

the system under Jackson of giving jobs to political friends led to corruption. This New York customs agent was the first man to steal $1 million from the federal government

Alamo

the place near San Antonio where 6000 Mexican troops trapped 200 defiant Texans early in 1836

renewing the charter of the Bank of the United States

Henry Clay tried to cause political problems for President Jackson by forcing him to veto this important bill in 1832

San Jacinto

the site for the final battle in which the Texans won their independence from Mexico

Santa Anna

the leader of the Mexican forces at San Jacinto in 1836

Tariff of 1832

the tariff that was supposed to abolish the evils of the "Tariff of Abominations" and quiet southern criticism

Martin Van Buren

the winner of the presidential election of 1836 who won by an electoral vote of 170 to 73

Vetoed the recharter of the Bank of the U.S.

National Republicans thought Jackson would lose the support of wealthy and influential groups in the East if he did this

Whigs

by 1834 the National Republicans of Henry Clay changed their name to this

Pet Banks

When President Jackson took federal money out of the Bank of the United States, he put the money into smaller banks called _______________

1840

the presidential election year which was the first time a Whig defeated a Democrat

compromise Tariff of 1833

the tariff that averted nullification by South Carolina in the early 1830s

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