APUSH Chapter 15 Vocabulary

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barberree ch 15

Tariff of 1816

after the Peace at Ghent, British manufacturers unloaded surpluses at low prices, prompting this mildly effective U.S. tariff.

Adventists

the other name of the Millerites of the 1840s.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

the mother of seven of the 1840s who insisted on leaving "obey" out of her marriage ceremony. She shocked fellow feminists by going so far as to advocate suffrage for women.

Gilbert Stuart

the famous Rhode Island painter of the early 1800s who was noted for his idealized portraits of George Washington.

Dorothea Dix

the 19th century New England teacher and authoress who traveled for eight years and 60,000 miles to assemble her damning report on the treatment of the insane.

Susan B. Anthony

the Quaker-reared woman's rights movement leader who, in 1872, was arrested, found guilty, and fined for voting.

George Bancroft

this "Father of American History" helped found the Naval Academy. From 1834-1876, he published a ten-volume history of the U.S.

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell

the first female graduate of a medical college who in the mid-1800s was a pioneer in a profession previously forbidden to women.

Book of Mormon

the founder of the Mormon Church received golden plates from an angel whish were deciphered and put into this book.

Nathaniel Hawthorne

the Salem, Massachusetts reared writer of the early 1800s whose Calvinist-centered writings culminated in 1850 with the masterpiece The Scarlet Letter.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

official name of the Mormon Church.

Deism

the liberal religious philosophy of the late 1800s that believed in a Supreme Being who had created a knowable universe and endowed human beings with a capacity for moral behavior.

Neal S. Dow

the mayor of Portland, Maine who, in 1851, sponsored a law that helped earn his nickname "Father of Prohibition."

Ralph Waldo Emerson

the best known of the transcendentalists of the early 1800s.

Charles Finney

the greatest of the revival preachers of the 1830s who eventually became the president of Oberlin College.

Margaret Fuller

the precocious editor of the transcendentalist journal The Dial in the mid-1800s. She is remembered for having said, "I accept the universe."

Godey's Lady's Book

the famous magazine of the 1800s whose peak circulation was 150,000. It was devoured devotedly by countless millions of women.

Horace Greeley

the idealistic and merciless foe of slavery who published the weekly New York Tribune and whose personal journalism had influence outside of New York state.

Angelina & Sarah Grimke

the sisters who spoke at anti-slavery gatherings and aroused the ire of conservatives of the mid-1800s.

Oliver Wendell Holmes

he taught anatomy at Harvard and was a prominent poet, essayist, novelist, and wit. This 19th century poet wrote "The Last Leaf" in honor of the last "white Indian" of the Boston Tea Party.

transcendentalism

the philosophical movement of the early 1800s that emphasized individualism, self-reliance, self-culture, and self-discipline.

Knickerbocker

the group of 19th century writers from New York who finally gained international acclaim for their literary works.

William Ladd

the leading spirit in the formation of the American Peace Society in 1828.

Louis Agassiz

the French-Swiss Harvard professor who, as a student of biology, insisted on original research and was known to have carried snakes in his pockets.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

one of America's most famous poets was this 19th century Harvard professor who wrote "Evangeline," "Hiawatha," and "The Courtship of Miles Standish."

Mary Lyon

the intrepid pioneer in the field of higher education for women who founded Mount Holyoke College in 1837.

William H. Prescott

the American historian who published classic accounts of the conquests of Mexico and Peru in the 1840s.

Horace Mann

the brilliant and idealistic Brown University graduate who led the campaign to reform education in the mid-1800s.

William H. McGuffey

the Ohio-born educator of the early 1800s whose 1830s readers sold 122 million copies in the following decades.

Peter Cartwright

the best known of the later Methodist circuit riders who ranged for a half-century from Tennessee to Illinois.

American Temperance Society

the organization formed in Boston in 1862 that implored drinkers to sign temperance pledges.

Herman Melville

this orphaned and ill-educated New Yorker went to sea as a youth. He wrote charming tales of the South Seas, but his masterpiece was published in 1851. He was the author of the epic novel Moby Dick.

camp meetings

the name for the revivalist gatherings of the early 1800s where as many as 25,000 people gathered to drink the hellfire gospel.

William Miller

the founder of the religious movement that believed that Christ would return to Earth on October 22, 1844.

James Fenimore Cooper

the famous early American novelist who gained critical acclaim in the early 1800's with the publication of his Leather Stocking Tales.

Benjamin Silliman

the most influential scientist of the first half of the 19th century. He was a pioneer chemist and geologist who taught and wrote brilliantly at Yale College for more than 50 years.

Lucretia Mott

the sprightly Quaker leader of the women's rights movement whose ire had been aroused when she and her fellow female delegates to the London Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840 were not recognized.

Stephen C. Foster

the white Pennsylvanian of the mid-1800s whose songs captured the plaintive spirit of the slaves.

Oneida Colony

the radical communal experiment founded in New York in 1848 that had trouble with the law over its marriage practices.

Francis Parkman

the 19th century blind historian who chronicled the struggle between France and England for mastery of North America.

Retaining her maiden name after marriage

Modern-day "Lucy Stoners" emulate Lucy Stone of the mid-1800s who is most famous for this.

Salt Lake City

the modern-day city in which the Mormon pilgrimage to the West ended in 1848.

Shakers

one of the largest and longest-lived communal societies whose 1840 membership of 6,000 dwindled to extinction because they opposed marriage and free love.

William Gilmore Simms

known as the "Cooper of the South," this 19th century American writer wrote 82 books. His books were about the South during its early frontier and Revolutionary War days.

The Sketch Book

in 1819-1820 Washington Irving published this book of writings including "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," which made him famous here and in Europe.

Joseph Smith

the founder of the Mormon Church.

John J. Audubon

lovers of American bird lore owe much to this French-descended American who, in the first half of the 19th century, published the magnificently illustrated Birds of America.

Amelia Bloomer

the mid-19th century woman who objected to the long skirts of her day and took to wearing a shorter skirt with Turkish trousers.

Ten Nights in a Barroom And What I Saw There

the most popular anti-alcohol tract of the mid-1800s was T.S. Arthur's melodramatic novel describing how a once happy village was ruined by Sam Slade's tavern. This novel was the second leading seller of the 1850s, second only to Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Henry David Thoreau

the poet, mystic, transcendentalist, non-conformist who wrote Walden.

Edgar Allan Poe

this Virginia-reared, eccentric genius of the early 1800s suffered tragedy, hunger, cold, poverty, and debt and authored "The Raven" and "The Fall of the House of Usher."

John Trumbull

the painter of the early 1800s who had fought in the Revolution and recaptured its scenes on canvas.

Brook Farm

the communal experiment in Massachusetts in 1841 which ended in fire and financial failure.

Asa Gray

the Harvard College professor, the Columbus of American botany, who published over 350 books, monographs, and papers.

Unitarianism

the spin-off of Puritanism of the early 1800s that held that God only existed in one person, not the Trinity.

University of Virginia

one of the leading universities of the early 1800s was the brainchild of Thomas Jefferson who designed its beautiful architecture.

Noah Webster

the Yale-educated Connecticut Yankee known as the "Schoolmaster of the Republic" whose 19th century reading lessons were used by millions and whose 1828 work helped standardize the American language.

James Russell Lowell

he was a poet and Longfellow's successor at Harvard. He is best remembered as a political satirist in his Bigelow Papers, especially those in the 1840s critical of the Mexican War and the Polk administration's expansionist designs.

Walt Whitman

known as the "Poet Laureate of Democracy," he wrote of his love for the masses. This 19th century author caught the exuberant spirit of an expanding America in his most famous piece, Leaves of Grass.

Charles Wilson Peale

the famous American painter from Maryland who, in the early 1800s, painted over 60 portraits of George Washington.

John Greenleaf Whittier

an American poet of the mid-19th century, the Fighting Quaker, the uncrowned poet laureate of the anti-slavery crusade, and the poet of human freedom.

Women's rights

the modern movement launched in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848.

Brigham Young

the person who led the Mormons from Illinois to their home in the West.

William Cullen Bryant

"Thanatopsis," which was published in 1817, was the melancholy and meditative writing of this 16-year-old.

Second Great Awakening

the movement that arose in the early 1800s in reaction to the growing liberalism in religion.

New Harmony, Indiana

wealthy and idealistic textile manufacturer Robert Owen established a utopian communal society here in 1825.

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