Chapter 6

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This countries advantages during the war included a stronger military, greater wealth, and a larger population.

Britain

At least one-half of all American colonists were these.

Tories

T or F: Most of the soldiers in the Continental Army signed up for the duration of the war.

False: Most only signed for one year

T or F: Nathan Hale was a Patriot soldier who became a traitor and spied for the British.

False: He was an American hero and Patiot

T or F: The defeat of General Burgoyne at Saratoga was the result of the British army's shortage of weapons and supplies.

False: General Burgoyne had enough supplies many other factors led to his defeat.

T or F: Spain's attacks on British forts in places such as Mobile helped the Americans by diverting British troops from fighting the war.

True

T or F: When Congress printed millions of dollars worth of paper money, with little gold and silver to back it up, the price of goods in the colonies dropped.

False: The Price of goods increased.

T or F: A blockade of the American coast by British ships prevented supplies and reinforcement from reaching the Continental Army.

True: The little American Navy had trouble getting through Britain's Blockade

T or F:In the late 1770s, the British concentrated their attacks in the South, where there were many Loyalists.

True: Many Loyalists were in the South due to favorable trade relations and other variables with Great Britain.

T or F: The French were the American colonists' most important ally during the American Revolution.

True: Many Europeans joined the American cause but France was its most supportive and most important ally.

What was the name given to Americans who supported independence?

Patriots

On Christmas night 1776, the Patriots scored a victory at

Trenton.

"These are the times that try men's souls," was written by

Thomas Paine.

William Howe planned to capture the American capital, which was located in

Philadelphia.

Where did the Patriot forces endure a winter of terrible suffering?

Valley Forge

The French announced support for the United States after the American victory at

Saratoga.

George Rogers Clark forced Henry Hamilton's surrender at

Vincennes.

In 1780, where did the Patriots suffer their worst defeat of the war?

Charles Town (Charleston)

King George III agreed to give the Americans their freedom after the victory at

Yorktown.

Which man did not represent the Americans at the peace talks in Paris?

George Washington

Americans who remained loyal to Great Britain were called Loyalists or

Tories.

Loyalist strength was strongest in

the Carolinas and Georgia.

Loyalist strength was weakest in

New England.

To spy on the British, which Patriot disguised himself as a teacher?

Nathan Hale

By the end of the war, African Americans were enlisted in every state except

South Carolina.

The French nobleman who became Washington's trusted aide was

the Marquis de Lafayette.

Which Patriot's famous words were "I have not yet begun to fight"?

John Paul Jones

The Hessians main goal for winning the war was

money.

The British promised to withdraw all troops from American territory in the

Treaty of Paris.

After the war, George Washington

returned to Mount Vernon.

British mercenaries

Hessians

Green Mountain Boys

a militia group

Francis Marion

guerrilla leader

Patriot forces

Continental Army

drilled Patriots at Valley Forge

Friedrich von Steuben

merchant war ships

privateers

guerrilla warfare

hit-and-run war technique

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