a measurement of the average kinetic energy of the particles in one location in a substance
The energy that is stored due to an object's position, shape, or chemical composition is called ______ energy.
The sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy in the particles that make up an object is called ______ energy.
The average kinetic energy of the particles that make up a material is the ______ of the material.
A material with a(n) ______ temperature has particles that have a greater average kinetic energy than a material with a(n) _____ temperature.
Particles with an average kinetic energy that is high are moving at a(n) ______ average speed than particles whose average kinetic energy is low.
Two materials can have the same temperature but different ______ energy. For example, ice and water have the same average kinetic energy, but liquid water has _____ thermal energy because its particles have greater potential energy than those of ice.
bulb, expands, glass
A(n) ____ thermometer has a liquid that _____ and rises in a(n) _____ tube when its temperature goes up; the liquid and its level drops when the temperature goes down.
A(n) ______ thermometer measures the resistance in an electronic circuit and converts this measurement into a(n) ______.
Celsius, 0, 100
Scientist worldwide us the _____ scale. Using this scale, water freezes at ___ degrees C and boils at ___ degrees C.
Some scientist also used the Kelvin scale. Using this scale, water freezes at ___K and boils at ___K.
The lowest possible temperature for any material is called _____ zero. At this temperature, the particles in a material would not be moving at all and would have no energy.
Fahrenheit, 32, 212
Not a single scientist in the world uses the _______ scale. Using this scale water freezes at ___ degrees F and boils at ___ degrees F.
All objects have ______ energy , but heating occurs only when ___ energy is transferred from one object to another object.
The rate at which heating occurs depends on the ______ difference between two objects; the greater the difference, the ____ heat is transferred.
Heating continues until all substances that are in ______ have reached the same ______.
a mixture of equal parts of water, ice, and salt
What substance was the Fahrenheit temperature scale based on?
Potential energy is a type of energy that is _____ due to the chemical makeup of a substance.
The _____ the particles in an object are from each other, the _____ their potential energy will be.