CHH Chapter 21

6 terms by AWDoll 

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Escape extinction

Behaviors maintained with negative reinforcement are placed on this intervention when those behaviors are no longer followed by termination of the aversive stimulus; emitting the target behavior does not enable the person to get out of the aversive situation.

Extinction (operant)

The discontinuing of a reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior (i.e., responses no longer produce reinforcement); the primary effect is a decrease in the frequency of the behavior until it reaches a prereinforced level or ultimately ceases to occur.

Extinction burst

An increase in the frequency of responding when a procedure designed to suspend reinforcement for that target behavior is initially implemented.

Resistance to extinction

The relative frequency with which operant behavior is emitted during non-reinforcement periods.

Sensory extinction

The process by which behaviors maintained by automatic reinforcement are prevented from being reinforced by masking or removing the sensory consequence for engaging in that behavior.

Spontaneous recovery

A behavioral effect associated with extinction in which the behavior suddenly begins to occur after its frequency has decreased to its prereinforcement level or stopped entirely.

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