a pointed tool for writing or drawing or engraving
The writers of ancient times. They started out as record keepers and then eventually started writing down stories and important events.
The belief in many gods.
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east.
The worship of a god, gods or spirits.
A football shaped container used to hold stones that were used as curreny during the Neolithic age.
People that hunted animals and gathered wild plants
More then enough of food for people
To tame animal under human control
people who wander from place to place
an area of high, flat land
A brood land of flat open space
a skilled worker who makes such goods by hand.
Made up of a city and surroundings villages and farmland it controlled.
People who organize builds and up keep canals.
A riegon in the middle east where the land is fertile and it is shaped like a cresen, it is where civilizations began.
means " the land between the two rivers" it is a region that includes modern day counties of Iraq, Turkey, and Syria.
Symbols that represent words.
Means "wedge shaped" a language of symbols.
New storne tools were used from 8000-5000B.C. The biggining of agriculture.
Crops grown specifically to feed animals.
To bring water to fields through canals.
A terrible shortage in food.
A complex society that usually has 5 Characteristics.
A type of temple tower with one shrine room with storage below.
Specialized of labor
When different people in a society do different jobs.
an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization
All the living and non-living things that made up their surroundings.
Is the growing of plants and the raising of animals to supply food for humans.
the earliest known civlization; were the first to have a language and are responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
extended their empire and helped bring civilization to other parts of the Middle East; famous for Hammurabi's Law Code
known as a warrior people who ruthlessly conquered neighboring countries; their empire stretched from east to north of the Tigris River all the way to centeral Egypt; used ladders, weapons like iron-tipped spears, daggers and swords, tunnels, and fearful military tactics to gain strength in their empire
Cradle of civilization
another name they called Mesopotamia because it was here that the first cities grew from infancy to magnificent maturity