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life on the frontier was

downright grim for most pioneer families

pioneering americans marooned by geography

became provincial in the attitudes

in early-nineteenth-century american

the urban population was growing at an unexpected rate

the dramatic growth of american cities between 1800 and 1860

resulted in unsanitary conditions in many communities

"ecological imperialism" can be best described as

the aggressive exploitation of the west's bounty

george caitlin advocated

the preservation of nature as a nationalist party

the influx of immigrants to the U.S trippled, then quadrupled in the

1840s and 1850s

irelands great export in the 1840s was

people

the irish immigrants to early nineteenth century america

were mostly roman catholics

when the irish flocked to the us in the 1840s they stayed in the larger seaboard cities because they

were too poor to move west and buy land

when the "famine irish" came to america

they mostly remained in the port cities of the north east

native born protestant americans distrusted and resented the irish mostly because these immigrants

were roman catholic

german immigrants in the early nineteenth century tended to

support public schools

german immigrants to the us

left their homeland to escape ecomonic hardships and autocratic government

when german immigrants came to the us they

prospered with astonishing ease

those who were frightened by the rapid influx of irish immigrants organized

the order of the star spangled banner

the sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigration was called

nativism

native-born americans feared that catholic immigrants to the u.s would

"establish" the catholic church at the expense of protestantism

immigrants coming to the us before 1860

helped fuel economic expansion

the father of the factory system in the us. was

samuel slater

eli whitney was instrumental in the invention of the

cotton gin

most of the cotton produced in the american south in the early nineteenth century was

sold to england

the american phase of the industrial revolution first blossomed

with textile mills

as a result of the development of the cotton gin

slavery revived and expanded

the underlying basis for modern mass production was the

use of interchangeable parts

the early factory system distributed its benefits

mostly to the owners

what did samuel F.B. Morse invent?
what about cyrus mccormick
or robert fulton?

S- telegraph
C- mower-reaper
R- Steamboat

the american work force in the early 19th century was characterized by

substantial employment of women and children in the factories

one reason that the lot of adult wage earners improved was

the enfranchisement of the laboring men

in the case of commonwealth vs. hunt the supreme court of mass. ruled that

labor unions were legal

the "cult of domesticity"

glorified the traditional role of women as homemakers

early 19th century american families

were getting smaller

one of the goals of the child centered family of the 1800s was to

raise independent individuals

the effect of early 19th century industrialization of the trans-allegheny west was to encourage

specialized cash-crop agriculture

with the development of cash-crop agriculture in the trans alegheny west

farmers quickly faced mounting indebtedness

the first major transportation project linking the east to the trans-allegheny west was

lancaster turnpike

western road building faced all of the following problems except

competition from canals

the major application for steamboats transporting freight and passengers in the us was on

western and southern rivers

the canal era of american history began with the construction of the

erie canal

construction of the erie canal

forced some new england farmers to move or change occupations

most early railroads in the us were built in the

north

compared with canals railroads

could be built almost anywhere

in the new continental economy each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the south __________ for export; the west grew grains and livestock to feed __________; and the east _______ for the other two regions

grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles

as a result of the transportation revolution

each regions in the nation specialized in a particular type of economic activity

in general, _____________ tended to bind the west and south together, while ___________ and ________________ connected the west to east

steamboats, canals, railroads

as the new continental market economy grew

the home came to be viewed as a refugee from the workday world

a major economic consequence of the transportation and marketing revolutions was

the declining significance of american agriculture

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