Ruler who has complete authority.
Highest church official
Holy images of christ
Permanent division in the church
Landowning noble in Russia under the czars.
Title of the ruler of the Russian empire.
Spread the new religion the most
Mongol armies, known for the color of their tents, they looted and burned towns.
Cyril and Methodius adapted the Greek alphabet so they could translate the Bible into Slavic languages. Became the written script used in Russian, and Ukraine.
Ivan the Terrible
Grandson of Ivan the Great, mentally unstable. Killed his own son, organized Oprichnik
Ivan the Great
Built framework for absolute rule. Limited powers of the boyars. Double-headed eagle as his symbol.
Times of Trouble
Succession, Peasant Uprisings, and foreign invasions plunged Russia into disorder from 1604-1613
17 years old, new czar, reign established the Romanov dynasty which ruled Russia until 1917
"World emperor" conquered a vast empire, stretching from Pacific to Eastern Europe. Very strict and demanding.
Mongol peace in 1200-1300.
Genghis' grandson, toppled the last song emperor in 1279. Ruled all of China, Korea, Tibet, and Vietnam.
Ruled 7 expeditions, goal was to promote trade and collect tribute.
Italian merchant who visited China during the Yuan dynasty. Wrote many things in his journal about his travels.
Prospered until Genghis Khan passed. Was toppled in 1368.
Zhu Yuanzhang founded it in 1368. Restored many things, and economically prospered.