phlabotomy

Created by fjorjanak 

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The most common antiseptic for routine blood collection is

70% ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL

The color coded tube that is most often associated with hematology tests are

LAVENDER

What type of anticoagulant is normally used to collect a specimen for a complete blood count (CBC)?

EDTA

Blood collected in a red stopper tube yieldds...

YIELDS SERUM AND CLOTTED RED CELLS

A light blue stopper tube normally contains

SODIUM CITRATE

Which of the following tubes are in the proper order of draw?
A. lavender, light blue, red
B. light blue, lavender, red
C. light blue, red, lavender
D. red, light blue, lavender

D. red, light blue, lavender

Which size needles are used for routine venipuncture?
A. 16 - 18 gauge
B. 18 - 20 gauge
C. 20 - 22 gauge
D. 22 - 24 gauge

C. 20 - 22 gauge

The slanted tip of the needle that enters the vein is called the

LUMEN

Which of the following needle gauges has the smallest diameter?
A. 18
B. 21
C. 22
D. 23

D. 23

Breakage or rupture of red blood cells is called

HEMOLYSIS

A patient faints while a blood specimen is being collected. What should the phlebotomist do?

REMOVE THE NEEDLE AND LOWER THE PATIENT'S HEAD AND ARMS

Which is the proper way to anchor a vein

PULL SKIN TAUT WITH YOUR THUMB

Which is the best angle to use for needle insertion

15 TO 30 DEGREES

When is the best time to release the tourniquet during venipuncture?

AFTER THE LAST NUBE IS COLLECTED

What 3 events happen if you pierce the stopper on the tube before the needle is inserted?

1) THE TUBE WILL FAIL TO FILL WITH BLOOD,
(2) YOU WILL HAVE TO GET A NEW TUBE,
(3) THE VACUUM WILL BE LOST.

What is the advantage of using a butterfly

BUTTERFLIES MAKE IT EASIER TO DRAW DIFFICULT VEINS

When must you wash your hands when performing a routine blood draw

BEFORE AND AFTER THE BLOOD DRAW

What is the best thing to do if a vein can be felt but not seen

LOOK FOR VISUAL LANDMARKS ON THE SKIN TO HELP YOU REMEMBER WHERE IT IS

The phlebotomist should have the patient bend his or her arm up to stop the bleeding after venipuncture has been performed to avoid causing a bruise

True or False.

False

The latex tourniquet is the most commonly used and is easily cleaned if soiled - True or False

True

The Greek work "phleb" means

VEIN

A multiple sample needle has a rubber sheath that covers the end that pierces the tube stopper. What is the purpose of the rubber sheath?

ENABLES SMOOTH TUBE PLACEMENT AND REMOVAL

Most serologic and chemistry tests are collected in a (color of tube?)

TIGER TOP TUBES

Bounce, sponginess and resiliency are three characteristics of a vein that will increase chances for a successful venipuncture (True or False).

True

Testing a patient's blood sugar with the accu-check system is a form of ...

CAPILLARY SKIN PUNCTURE

When selecting an appropriate needle size and length of needle for venipuncture, the medical assistant should consider"

VEIN DIAMETER AND VEIN DEPTH

The color-coded tops on evacuated tubes represent a method of payment for the test performed when processed by the lab (True or False)

False

A serum blood specimen is ...
(1) a specimen where anticoagulants are added so that the blood does not clot
(2) a specimen where anticoagulants are not added so that the blood will clot.
(3) collected for electrolyte panels and drug levels
(4) collected for anticoagulant studies

A. 1 and 4
B. 1 and 3
C. 2 and 3
D. 2 and 4

C. 2 and 3

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