Sir Richard Arkwright
Invented water frame at almost the same time as the spinning jenny was invented.
Believed that public problems should be dealt with on a rational scientific basis. Believed in the idea of the greatest good for the greated number. Wrote "Principles of Morals and Legislation". Majority rules.
Inventor of the modern power loom.
Agitation against poor laws - working class discontent.
1799 and 1800; made trade unionism illegal.
The Communist Manifesto
Pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels; basis of Socialism.
1815 tariff on imported grain to protect domestic producers. Never worked well.
Refined pig iron, puddling furnace, heavy rolling mills.
British Conservative; extended vote to all middle class male workers; needed to broaden aristocratic voter basis.
"Condition of Working Class in England"; society's problems caused by capitalism and competition. Colleague of Karl Marx.
Factory Act 1833
Created factory workday for children between 9-13, to 8 hours a day. Not applicable to home. Outlawed child labor under 9. Factory owners establish schools. Destroyed family unit.
French social theorist; criticized capitalism; wanted socialist utopia and emancipation of women. "Theory of Four Movements".
About 1705 invented spinning jenny.
New inventions, cotton and iron, changed small businesses beyond all recognition.
Inventor of flying shuttle (1773).
Minimal governmental interference in the economic affairs. Adam Smith and Francois Quesnay.
German; father of socialism; emancipation of women; "Communist Manifesto".
1705 invented steam engine that used coal; very inefficient.
Scottish spoke out about hiring children. Created mills in New Harmony.
Hawkish English Foreign Minister during revolutions of 1848.
A People's Charter
Draft of reform bill which called for universal suffrage payment of members of Parliament and annual elections; 6 main points.
1834, gave some aid to the poor, but not very helpful against unemployment. Very favorable to employers.
First Reform Bill
1832, modified the old political system by easing voting qualifications (but still not easy to qualify!). Abolished some smaller boroughs.
Second Reform Bill
1867, Conservatives and Liberals trying to gain votes. Disraeli's Conservatives extended the vote to almost 1 million more voters.
Political party in Britain controled by aristocracy.
Ideal society based on socialist ideals; Louis Blanc and Charles Fourrier.
Added a condenser to Newcomen's steam engine to make it more efficient. Led to steam becoming a viable source of power.
British party more responsive to commercial and manufacturing interests.