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industrial revolution

a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods

agricultural revolution

a significant change in agriculture that occurs when there are discoveries, inventions, or new technologies that change production

mixed soil

famers used this technique to grow higher crop yields

Jethro Tull

inventor of the seed drill

enclosures

One of the fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers

crop rotation

The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil

growth of population

agricultural revolution reduced death from famine, more food made people healthier, better hygiene and medical care, more protection against diseases

energy revolution

the energy for work was provided mostly by the muscles of humans and animals

Thomas Newcomen

Invented the steam engine

James Watt

improved steam engine

Abraham Darby

Used coal to smelt iron from its ore

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