Medical Terminology - Chapter 1

91 terms by tab11576 

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Adenitis

Inflammation of the gland.

Adenoma

Tumor of a gland.

Adenopathy

A disease condition of a gland (often enlargement) of a gland.

Anemia

Decrease of hemoglobin in the blood, caused by low red blood cell production, loss of blood, or increase of red blood cell destruction.

Arthralgia

Pain of a joint.

Arthritis

Inflammation of a joint.

Autopsy

Examination of a body after death (postmortem) to determine the cause of death.

Biology

Study of life (living organisms).

Biopsy

Process of reviewing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.

Carcinogenic

Pertaining to producing cancer.

Carcinoma

Cancerous or malignant tumor.

Cardiac

Pertaining to the heart.

Cardiology

Study of the heart.

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head.

Cerebral

Pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain).

Cystitis

Inflammation of the urinary bladder.

Cystoscopy

Visual examination of the urinary bladder.

Cytology

Study of cells.

Dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin.

Dermatology

Study of the skin.

Diagnosis

Complete knowledge of a patient's condition.

Electrocardiogram

Record of the electricity within the heart.

Electroencephalogram

Record of the electricity within the brain.

Endocrine Glands

Glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly into the bloodstream.

Endocrinologist

Specialist in the study of the endocrine glands.

Endocrinology

Study of the endocrine glands.

Endoscope

Instrument to visually examine within the body.

Endoscopy

Process of visual examination within the body.

Enteritis

Inflammation of the small intestine.

Enteropathy

Disease condition of the intestines, often the small intestine.

Epidermis

The outer later of the skin.

Epigastric

Pertaining to above or upon the stomach.

Erythrocyte

Red blood cell.

Excision

Process of cutting out; removal; resection.

Exocrine Glands

Organs that secrete chemicals to the outside of the body.

Gastrectomy

Removal or excision.

Gastric

Pertaining to the stomach.

Gastroenterology

Study of the stomach and intestines.

Gastrotomy

Incision of the stomach.

Gynecologist

Specialist in the study of disorders of the female reproductive system.

Gynecology

Study of the diseases of women, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system.

Hematology

Study of blood and blood disorders.

Hematoma

Collection or mass of blood.

Hemoglobin

Blood protein contained in red blood cells.

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver.

Hepatoma

Tumor of the liver; hepatocellular carcinoma.

Hyperglycemia

High levels of sugar in the blood.

Hyperthyroidism

Secretion by thyroid gland of a greater than normal amount of thyroxine (thyroid hormone, or T4).

Hypodermic

Pertaining to under the skin.

Hypogastric

Pertaining to below the stomach.

Hypoglycemia

Too little sugar in the blood.

Iatrogenic

Pertaining to produced by a treatment or a procedure.

Incision

Process of cutting into or making an incision.

Leukemia

Disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells.

Leukocyte

White blood cell.

Leukocytosis

Slight increase in white blood cells.

Nephrectomy

Removal of a kidney.

Nephritis

Inflammation of a kidney.

Nephrology

Study of the kidneys and kidney disease.

Nephrosis

Abnormal condition of the kidney.

Neural

Pertaining to nerves.

Neuralgia

Pain of nerves.

Neurologic

Pertaining to the study of nerves.

Neurology

Study of nerves and nerve disorders.

Oncologist

Specialist in the study of tumors, particularly malignant growths.

Oncology

Study of tumors particularly malignant growths.

Ophthalmologist

Specialist in the study of the eyes and eye disorders.

Ophthalmoscope

Instrument used by an ophthalmologist to visually examine the eyes.

Osteitis

Inflammation of a bone.

Osteoarthritis

Inflammation of bones and joints; degeneration of bones and joints.

Osteotomy

Incision of a bone.

Pathogenic

Pertaining to producing disease.

Pathologist

A specialist in the study of disease.

Pathology

Study of disease.

Pediatric

Pertaining to treatment of children.

Pericardium

The sac surrounding the heart.

Prognosis

State of knowledge before the fact; prediction about the outcome of an illness.

Prostate Gland

Produces semen, which contains fluid and sperm cells.

Psychiatrist

Specialist in treatment of the mind.

Psychiatry

Treatment of the mind.

Psychology

Study of the mind.

Radiology

Study of x-rays and related procedures for diagnosis.

Renal

Pertaining to the kidney.

Resection

Removal or excision of an organ or part of the body.

Retrocardiac

Pertaining to behind the heart.

Rhinitis

Inflammation of the nose.

Sarcoma

Tumor (malignant) of flesh tissue such as bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage.

Subhepatic

Pertaining to below the liver.

Thrombocyte

A clotting or platelet.

Transhepatic

Pertaining to across the liver.

Urology

Study of the urinary tract.

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