Eukaryotic Organelles and Protein Synthesis

13 terms by j_edwards 

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nucleus

holds DNA

lysosome

breaks down large molecules and damaged organelles

ER

holds ribosomes

ribosome

makes proteins

vacuole

holds substances like food and water

vesicle

carries molecules like proteins around a cell, from one organelle to another

Golgi apparatus

prepares proteins for being sent out of the cell

cell membrane

controls what goes in and out of the cell

mitochondria

release energy from sugar in the process of respiration

eukaryotic

a cell which has a nucleus enclosing the DNA

gene

a region on DNA that has the directions for making a specific protein or polypeptide chain

RNA

a nucleic acid that consists of a single strand; generally holds a copy of a single gene

polypeptide chain

a simple chain of amino acids

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