Type of nephrons involved in the most significant salt and water reabsorption
Type of capillaries that are responsible for most of the reabsorption of solutes in the renal cortex
Type of capillaries responsible for reabsorption from the loop of Henle in the region of the renal medulla
Sympathetic enervation would cause ______________of the ____________ arterioles.
Substance that is used to test renal function because it is not secreted or reabsorbed _____________.
What hormone decrease GFR, increase blood pressure and decrease in urine volume?_______________
PCT and Loop of Henle
Two areas of the nephron tubule not influenced by hormones ______________________________.
The point at which the reabsorption transport carriers are saturated is called the ____________________, and this is reached for glucose when blood levels reach _______________.
Two areas of nephron effected by hormone regulation _______ and ________________.
reabsorption of Na+, K+, Cl-
Function of ascending limb of the Loop of Henle _______________________________.
reabsorption or loss of water
Function of the descending limb of the Loop of Henle ______________________________.
Blood vessels that receive water that is reabsorbed at the medullary Loop of Henle _________________.
Capillaries in cortex that function in reabsorption of solutes in the cortical nephrons _________________________.
Type of diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia and glycosuria __________________________.
Type of diabetes characterized by glycosuria but no hyperglycemia _____________________.
Type of diabetes characterized by normal blood sugar and no glycosuria _____________________.
Substance that is used to test renal fuction because it is not secreted ot reabsorbed ______________.
C=UV/P C- renal clearence
U-waste concentration in urine
V- rate of urine output
P- waste concentration of plasma
Renal clearence= __________________________________________________. (Write terms out)
glucose and amino acid
List two molecules that have a renal clearence of zero _______________________________.
Specific nervous system branch that causes the detrusor muscles to contract to avoid urine ______________________.
Voluntary pressure on abdomen that can also facilitate voiding urine ________________________.
external urethral sphincter
The sphincter muscle conrolling urine flow that is skeletal muscle is the _________________________.
internal urethral sphincter
The sphincter muscle controlling urine flow that is smooth muscle is the _______________________.
The group of epithelial cells of the distal convoluted tubule that monitors the flow or composition of the tubular fluid is referred to as the________________________.
Duct that follows the papillary duct in the flow of filtrate in the kidney _________________.
colliod osmostic pressure
What is the major pressure opposing filtration from the blood through the glomerular capsule _____________________________________________.
Stuctures (extensions) on the podocyte arms with negitively charged filtration slits that prevent particles larger than 3nm _________________.
Na+ and K+ pump
Active transport pump in the ascending loop of Henle (nephron loop) responsible for water reabsorption in the descending loop of Henle ____________________________.
If the urea concentration in the urine is 6.0mg/mL and the rate of output is 2 mL/min, and te plasma concentration of urea is 0.2mg/mL, what is the renal clearence?
BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
The level of nitrogenous wastes in the blood is expressed as ____________________________.
Abnormally elevated level of nitrogenous wastes in the blood is referred to as _____________________.
A toxic level of nitrogenous wastes that can lead to convulsions and death is referred to as __________________.