Theory that explains how people explain other people's behavior and of themselves .eg : Teacher explains a child's underachievement in school is due to external attri (situational contrasts ,chance/luck ,influence of others) or internal attribution (personality,motives,attitudes).
mistakenly attributing someone's behavior to the wrong source.
In many cases, we have a strong need to understand and attach meaning to the behavior of others
especially when this behavior is atypical.
Infer unconsciously,unintentionally that other people's actions indicate their intention and dispositions. But there are specific conditions under which it shld be specified .eg : Rita sarcastic comment at a job interview-Librarian walks the old ladie's groceried across th street _infer that he is helpful.
If a person fails a test, does s/he have low ability, or is the test difficult? Attributional theory describes and explains events plus their emotional , behavioral consequences.
If a person fails a test, does s/he have low ability, or is the test difficult?
This is why Heider refers to attribution theory as "naïve" psychology