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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hemispheric lateralization
  2. association areas
  3. Phineas Gage
  4. motor cortex
  5. sensory cortex
  1. a railroad worker who survived a severe brain injury that dramatically changed his personality and behavior; case played a role in the development of the understanding of the localization of brain function
  2. b an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements
  3. c in the brain; hemispheric specialization
  4. d areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary motor or sensory functions; rather, they are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking
  5. e the area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a technique for revealing blood flow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. MRI scans show brain anatomy; fMRI scans show brain function.
  2. the portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes the auditory areas, each of which receives auditory information primarily from the opposite ear
  3. controls language expression-an area of the frontal, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech
  4. cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons ("neural nannies")
  5. an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface

5 True/False questions

  1. amygdalathe base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing


  2. limbic systemneural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives


  3. thalamusthe brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla


  4. split brainscondition resulting from surgery isolating brain's two hemispheres by cutting fibers connecting them


  5. plasticitytissue destruction


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