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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. sensory cortex
  2. temporal lobes
  3. PET
  4. motor cortex
  5. cerebellum
  1. a the portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes the auditory areas, each of which receives auditory information primarily from the opposite ear
  2. b the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
  3. c an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements
  4. d the area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
  5. e a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. condition resulting from surgery isolating brain's two hemispheres by cutting fibers connecting them
  2. neural system (including the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus) located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives
  3. a technique for revealing blood flow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. MRI scans show brain anatomy; fMRI scans show brain function.
  4. the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them
  5. a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain

5 True/False Questions

  1. thalamusthe brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla


  2. plasticityimpairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding)


  3. Wernicke's areacontrols language expression-an area of the frontal, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech


  4. fissuresthe visible folds of the cerebral cortex


  5. Broca's areacontrols language reception-a brain area involved in language comprehension and expression;usually in the left temporal lobe


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