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affected

artificial; pretended

affidavit

written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)

affiliation

joining; associating with

affinity

feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages

affirmation

positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination

affliction

state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on

affluence

abundance; wealth

affront

insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally

n agape

openmouthed

n agenda

items of business at a meeting

n agglomeration

collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap

aggrandize

make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement

aggregate

sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars

aghast

filled with great surprise or fear; horrified

agility

nimbleness; ability to move quickly

agitate

stir up; disturb

agnostic

one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality

n agog

highly excited; intensely curious

agrarian

pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform

alacrity

cheerful promptness without reluctance

alchemy

medieval chemistry

n alcove

nook; recess

alias

an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias

alienate

make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of

alimentary

supplying nourishment

n alimony

payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce

allay

calm; pacify

allege

state without proof

allegiance

loyalty

n allegory

story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable

alleviate

relieve (pain)

alliteration

repetition of beginning sound in poetry

allocate

assign; set apart for a particular purpose

alloy

mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness

allude

refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference

allure

entice; attract; tempt

s siren

apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature

alluvial

pertaining to soil deposits left by running water

n aloof

apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.

n aloft

upward; high up in the air

altercation

noisy quarrel

altruistic

unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism

n amalgamate

(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body

n amalgam

combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth

n amass

collect (gradually, in a very large amount)

amazon

female warrior

ambidextrous

capable of using either hand with equal ease

ambience

environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature

ambiguous

unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation

ambivalence

the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions

amble

walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly

n ambrosia

food of the gods

s nectar

drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees

ambulatory

able to walk

ameliorate

improve

amenable

obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests

amend

correct; change ; generally for the better

amenities

convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies

amiable

agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly

amicable

peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement

n amiss

wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.

amity

friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations

amnesia

loss of memory

amnesty

pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)

amoral

nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong

amorous

moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances

amorphous

formless; lacking shape or definition

amphibian

able to live both on land and in water; N.

amphitheater

oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena

n ample

enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space

amplify

increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph

n amputate

cut off part of body; prune (a limb)

n amok(amuck)

in a state of rage; Ex. run amok

n amulet

charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck

anachronism

an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic

n analgesic

causing insensitivity to pain; N.

s analgesia

condition of being unable to feel pain

analogous

comparable; similar

analogy

similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things

anarchist

person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority

anarchy

absence of governing body; state of disorder

n anathema

solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize

ancestry

family descent; ADJ. ancestral

anchor

secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage

ancillary

serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.

anecdote

short story of an amusing or interesting event

anemia

condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic

anesthetic

substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia

anguish

acute pain; extreme suffering

angular

sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner

animadversion

critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval

animated

lively; spirited

animosity

active enmity

n animus

hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition

annals

records arranged in yearly parts; history

anneal

reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)

annex

attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one

annihilate

destroy

annotate

comment; make explanatory notes

annuity

yearly allowance

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