the treatment of people as property for the purpose of forcing them to do labor.
spanish soldier-explorers, especially those who conquered Mexico and Peru.
a new settlement or territory established and governed by a country in another land.
people who travel to a territory or community in order to make converts to their religion.
adventures who capture and kill animals for their fur.
what year did christopher columbus go on his first voyage?
what does the word renaissance mean?
who was C.C. inspired by?
west, across the Atlantic ocean
which route did c.c. think was the shortest way to the Indies?
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of spain
who sponsored c.c.'s voyage?
nina, pinta, santa maria
What were the names of c.c.'s three ships?
the caribbean sea
where did columbus land on his 1st voyage?
san salvador meaning "holy savior"
what did columbus name the island he landed on?
A transfer of peoople, plants, animals, and diseases across the Atlantic ocean
what is the columbian exchange?
corn, potatoes, job oppertunities, slavery
What did the columbian exchange bring?
The europeans who came to America brought with them germs that caused _____ and other diseases deadly to the n.a.
what %age of n.a. where wiped out by european diseases?
by the late ____, europeans were trading guns and other goods for african slaves
in the ____ suropean slave traders began shipping slaves to the caribbean for sale.
a conquistador who conquered the aztecs, 1519
who was Hernan Cortez and what year did he come the the americas.
a conquistador who conquered the incans
who was francisco pizarro?
what helped pizarro conquer the incans?
juan ponce de leon
who lead one of the first spanish expoditions into n. america, sailed with columbus, and made his fortune by dicovering gold in suerto rico?
the fountain of youth
what did ponce de leon want to find?
when did ponce de leon land on n. america?
it was flowery
why did ponce de leon name the land he found la florida?
seven cities of cibola
a city where the streets and houses were decorated with gold and jewels
the golden cities, marcos de niza
what was francisco vasquez looking for in 1540 and who was his guide?
native american pueblo
what did vasquez find instead of the golden cities?
by ____ the spanish boarderlands were fron florida across present day texas, NM, AZ, and CA.
small bands of soldiers sen to spanish regions in the americas to protect the claims of other countries. (walled forts the soldiers lived in)
Pedro menendez de aviles
who was a naval officer sent to florida to protect the area from the french?
what was the fort of florida called?
they built missions and taught the christian skills
what did catholic missionaries do to convert indians to the christian faith?
lead the new settlement of NM
what did juan de onate do?
the pueblo indians revolted b/c of awful treatment
after moving to NM, why did juan de onate and his followers move back to mexico?
the n.a. learned to use new tools, and grow new foods. the indians then showed the spanish how to farm in desert soil
what was some of the impacts of n.a. on spanish settlers?
where were the following explorers from- columbus, cotrez, pizarro, ponce de leon, corondo
where were the following explorers from- cartier, champlain, marquette, joliet, la salle
where were the following explorers from- raleigh, john smith
where were the following explorers- hudson minuit
all water route through the N. American continent to the pacific ocean
who had the job to find the NW pasage?
claim land for france - canada, and used beaver fur to sell
after not finding the NW passage, what did cartier do?
who founded the first settlement of new france?
in 1607, champlain sailed up the st. lawrence sea way and built a trading post called _____.
what stopped settlers from settling in new france?
the french were more interested in ____ than in farming.
became buisness partners with them
what did the french do with the N.A. on their land?
what indians did champlain make friends with?
european disease killed many huron indians
what was a negitave thing that happened between the huron and french?
the french gave the huron guns
the french and iriquois became enemies b/c ______.
the mississippi river flowed to the gulf of mexico not the pacific ocean. (no NW passage)
what did father marquette and louis joliet discover in 1673?
claimed everything west of the misisippi river and called it Lousiana for King Louis XIV
what did robert de la salle do in 1682 (has to do with mississippi river)?
who was inspired by C.C., saled west acoss the atlantic, landed in New foundland, planted a flag, which later England claims all of N. America b/c of the flag, and thinks he lands in Asia?
sir walter raleigh
who attempted to start a colony on Roanoke island, (1st try= ran low on supplies)?
war between England and spain happens=delay back to roanoke for 3 years, when he returns no one is there and the word CROATOAN is carved on a tree
in 1587, raleigh sent a 2nd group to Roanoke, leader John White had to return to Eng. for more supplies.....how does it end?
what year was the London company (Jamestown) made?
there were disease infested misquitos and a powerful N.A. group around them
what didn't the jamestown ppl know about their suurounding environment?
the men of jamestown were _____ not farmers.
they were going to kill the settlers anyway so the indians let them starve
after food in jamestown was running low, the ppl began to trade with the indians. Why did the indians stop trading with them?
who took over jamestown as the new leader in 1608?
after smith was captured by the n.a., they welcomed him as a guest, them after dinner the indians were going to ______ him to death, until _____ jumped out of the shadows and saved him.
keeping peace between the tribes and giving them food
how did pocahotas help the jamestown ppl?
after john smith got hurt and returned back to england, the indians refused to trade with the settlers, this was call the ______ _____.
after the starvin time in the spring, only ____ of the 500 ppl smith left remained alive.
captured pocahontas and held her hostage
with all new settlers, the jamestown people were still in danger of indian attacks, so they_______.
While pocahontas was a prisoner, she met _______ , who later proposed to her
Rolfe discovered _____, which helped the colonies survive.
what did the marriage of john rolfe and pocahontas bring to the n.a. and jamestown ppl?
find the NW passsage, Dutch
what was henry hudson's goal and who was his voyage sponsored by?
claim the land along its banks
in 1609, hudson found a deep river full of fish, what did he do after he found no NW passage?
Dutch West India Company
dutch merchants formed the _____ _____ _____ _____ to start a colony in America.
The Dutch established a _____ _____ along the hudson river.
the governer of the New Netherland
Peter minuit want to make _____ with the Indians.
dutch traders made friends with members of the Iriquois Confederacy. The Dutch gave the iriquois ____.
the iriquois kept the french from moving into the _______. (rich in beaver fur)
what was the new settlement of the Dutch called? (named by peter stuyvestant)
New Amsterdam provided for Jews who were seeking free ______, peace.
James Duke of York
In 1664, king charles II gave his brother, _________ ownership of all Dutch lands in America.
_____ took over new netherland and renamed the colony _____ ______.