NUBPG Ch4 - Revitalizing Cities and Towns - Principles & Practice of New Urbanism
|Underperforming human habitats are places that are..|| hard to live in|
hard to work in
hard to carry on a satisfying personal and communal life
|Underperforming human habitats can be found where?||In cities, suburbs, towns and other locales. It is not just a city problem.|
|In the mid 1990's, cities began to see..||dropping crime rates, rising property values and greater vibrancy.|
|What were four of the most dangerous planning and development tendencies of the 20th century?|| - Use of superblocks|
- Running freeways through neighborhoods
- Building designs with no regard for pedestrians and street life
- Suburban forms such as strip malls and gated communities invading historic communities
|What are three characteristics of an infill site?|| Usually sits within a long established city or town.|
Ideally is connected to an existing network of streets.
May occur on suburban land that has been previously developed that is surrounded by existing development.
|NU can connect ___ _____ to ___, a relationship that strengthens both.||NU can connect new development to old, a relationship that strengthens both.|
|In some respects, ___ locations are the best possible places for NU design.||In some respects, infill locations are the best possible places for NU design.|
|Infill in established cities and towns has these advantages:|| Proximity to jobs & transit|
Potential for higher densities
|One disadvantage of infill development is that|| developers often must work around existing infrastructure and other obstacles making it slower and trickier.|
This difficulty can be compounded on brownfield sites where environmental problems must be overcome.
|Elizabeth Moule says that NUs work with infill development in a "______ & ______ way."|| Elizabeth Moule says that NUs work with infill development in a "catalytic & synergistic way."|
They define the street.
They design the street landscape to ensure that the sidewalks establish a physical space that the peds will want to occupy.
|Infill development tends to be ____ and more _____ in character than greenfield development.||Infill development tends to be denser and more urban in character than greenfield development.|
|Key Elements of the Hope VI Program||1. More Human Scale - no high-rises|
2. Designed to look like market rate housing - no billboards if indigence
3. Close to the street - provides eyes on the street effect
4. Each unit has own entrance - creates "defensible space"
5. On Street parking and traffic calming measures
6. Incomes mixed by selling and renting some units at mkt rate
7. Street address as opposed to project address
8. Parks are small and clearly observable by residents
9. Project mgmt improved through better tenant screening and rules enforcement
10. Usually mix of housing types
11. Mis of uses where possible
|What 3 things can design do?|| 1. Help control crime|
2. Boost property value
3. Elevate quality of life
|One of the greatest achievements of NU has been...||Persuading HUD to adopt NU principles|
|What was the first complete Hope VI project?|| |
Pleasant View Gardens in Baltimore, 1997
It lacks mix of renters/owners and mix of incomes, but is has proven much safer than the old Lafayette Courts.
Due to the somewhat insulated street network (one way streets leading to central square), it does still seem somewhat project like.
|At least one study has found that poor HHs living in Hope VI developments are less likely to move than those living elsewhere. This might be because...||gentrification offers advantages to poor HHs, making them reluctant to move even if their rent goes up.|
|What is most likely the most successful suburban center revitalization fo the past quarter century?|| |
|What are eight keys to waterfront redevelopment?||1. Transform the image as a gateway to the city|
2. Create a waterfront blvd as a spine for new development
3. Strengthen the regional open space system by linking nearby parks and linear corridors
4. Create parks that act as windows to the water
5. Provide continuous public access that varies along the length of the waterfront
6. Design open space to create value to adjacent land
7. Plan for a fine-grained mix of uses, complementary to eachother, to create a vital district
8. Design bldgs that respond to the waterfront condition