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Which of the following is not a commune appellation in the Medoc?

A. Fleurie
B. Listrac
C. Margaux
D. Moulis

A. Fleurie

The process by which sugars are broken down by the grapevine and used as energy is called:

A. Photosynthesis
B. Respiration
C. Translocation
D. Transpiration

B. Respiration

Which of the following Pradikat levels may be vinified dry?

A. Auslese
B. Beerenauslese
C. Eiswein
D. Trockenbeerenauslese

A. Auslese

What is Leaf Roll?

A. A virus that attacks the grape vine
B. A bacteria that attacks the grape vine
C. A mold that attacks the grape vine
D. An indication that a vine is entering its dormant phase

A. A virus that attacks the grape vine

Which of the following AVAs is located in Sonoma County?

A. Alexander Valley
B. Anderson Valley
C. Wild Horse Valley
D. Edna Valley

A. Alexander Valley

Who is the man responsible for creating the Balanced Vine theory?

A. Rudolf Steiner
B. Robert Mondavi
C. Richard Smart
D. Doug Fletcher

C. Richard Smart

Humans are most sensitive to which taste?

A. Sweet
B. Salt
C. Sour
D. Bitter

D. Bitter

Which of the following wine regions is located in New Zealand?

A. Canterbury
B. Robertson
C. Worcester
D. Paarl

A. Canterbury

What is the most aldehydic wine in the world?

A. Chardonnay
B. Nebbiolo
C. Sherry
D. Champagne

C. Sherry

How many different grape varieties are allowed in Chateauneuf-du-Pape?

A. 6
B. 7
C. 10
D. 13

D. 13

Where is Monthelie located?

A. Cote de Beaune
B. Cote de Nuits
C. Cote Chalonnaise
D. Macconnais

A. Cote de Beaune

Which of the following Italian wine regions is located furthest north?

A. Latium
B. Apulia
C. Basilicata
D. Campania

A. Latium

At what point does the vine usually produce its first commercial crop?

A. In its third year
B. In its sixth year
C. In its seventh year
D. In its tenth

A. In its third year

Which of the following is not a subregion of the Chianti DOCG?

A. Colli Fiorentini
B. Colli Senesi
C. Collio Goriziano
D. Montalbano

C. Collio Goriziano

The correct term for dead yeast cells and other solids precipitated during fermentation and aging in casks is:

A. Cap
B. Lees
C. Must
D. Pomace

B. Lees

Wine is mostly comprised of

A. Acid
B. Alcohol
C. Water
D. Tannin

C. Water

What chemical compound is responsible for the smell of garlic or onions in a wine?

A. Sulfur dioxide
B. Hydrogen sulfide
C. Mercaptans
D. Acetic Acid

C. Mercaptans

Where is the wine region of Mendoza located?

A. Chile
B. Spain
C. Texas
D. Argentina

D. Argentina

Australia's place of origin system is known by

A. VA's
B. IGT's
C. WO's
D. GI's

D. GI's

A high acidic white with aromas of peach, honeysuckle, apricot and slate is most probably

A. Gewurztraminer
B. Pinot Grigio
C. Sauvignon Blanc
D. Riesling

D. Riesling

Which of the following wine regions is located in the state of South Australia?

A. Barossa Valley, Coonawarra, and Padthaway
B. Cowra, Hunter Valley, and Mudgee
C. Great Southern, Margaret River, and Swan District
D. Geelong, Goulburn Valley, and Yarra Valley

A. Barossa Valley, Coonawarra, and Padthaway

Which of the following is not one of the subregions of Rioja?

A. Rioja Alavesa
B. Rioja Alta
C. Rioja Baja
D. Rioja Classico

D. Rioja Classico

The primary alcohol in wine is:

A. Ethanol
B. Glycerol
C. Methanol
D. Phenol

A. Ethanol

Which of the following is not a sweet white wine?

A. Coteaux du Layon
B. Bonnezeaux
C. Quarts de-Chaume
D. Bourgeuil

D. Bourgeuil

Most German vineyards are located near rivers or lakes primarily because:

A. During the Middle Ages, the rivers and lakes were all property of the Church, which was the primary grape grower in this area.
B. Historically this was the only method of transporting the wine.
C. The rivers and lakes are the sources of irrigation from these sources, without which the vines could not grow here.
D. The water moderates the climate and helps ripen the grapes.

D. The water moderates the climate and helps ripen the grapes.

Which of the following is not one of the crus of Beaujolais?

A. Brouilly
B. Montagny
C. Regnie
D. St.-Amour

B. Montagny

Which of the following wine regions is located in South Africa?

A. Casablanca Valley
B. Nelson
C. Pyrenees
D. Stellenbosch

D. Stellenbosch

The smallest amount of residual sugar that 50 percent of the population can recognize in a wine (the average recognition threshold) is:

A. 0.2 percent
B. 0.5 percent
C. 1.0 percent
D. 2.5 percent

C. 1.0 percent

Which of the following steps is not normally performed in white wine production?

A. Skin Contact
B. Cold Stabilization
C. Pressing
D. Racking

A. Skin Contact

What is the only French AOC that is allowed to designate its wines by varietal?

A. Languedoc-Roussillon
B. Alsace
C. Beaujolais
D. Jura

B. Alsace

Which of the following sugars is not found in grapes?

A. Fructose
B. Glucose
C. Sucrose
D. Xylose

C. Sucrose

What are the four categories of place of origin for quality wine in Germany, in order from largest to smallest?

A. Anbaugebiet, Bereich, Einzellage, Grosslage
B. Anbaugebiet, Bereich, Grosslage, Einzellage
C. Bereich, Anbaugebiet, Einzellage, Grosslage
D. Bereich, Anbaugebiet, Grosslage, Einzellage

B. Anbaugebiet, Bereich, Grosslage, Einzellage

Most of the vineyard acreage in Argentina is located:

A. In the east around Buenos Aires
B. In the north along the border with Bolivia and Paraguay
C. In the south in Patagonia
D. In the west in the foothills of the Andes

D. In the west in the foothills of the Andes

Which of the following appellations does not produce red wine?

A. Cornas
B. Crozes-Hermitage
C. Hermitage
D. St.-Peray

D. St.-Peray

The longest-aged and highest-quality grade of Marsala is:

A. Fine
B. Superiore
C. Vergine
D. Vergine Stravecchio Riserva

D. Vergine Stravecchio Riserva

What are the two primary white grapes in Bordeaux?

A. Chenin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc
B. Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadet
C. Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc
D. Ugni Blanc and Chenin Blanc

C. Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc

Which of the following AVAs has the hottest climate?

A. Paso Robles
B. Puget Sound
C. Rogue Valley
D. Russian River Valley

A. Paso Robles

What are the three acids found in grapes?

A. Citric, lactic, succinic
B. Citric, tartaric, malic
C. Tartaric, malic, lactic
D. Tartaric, succinic, malic

B. Citric, tartaric, malic

Which of the following wines is least likely to smell corked?

A. A red wine with a two-inch real cork
B. A wine with a screw cap
C. A sparkling wine
D. A wine with a composite cork

B. A wine with a screw cap

Which of the following is not a reason SO2 is added to grape must?

A. To break down cellulose and speed up fermentation and color extraction
B. To inhibit wild yeast fermentation
C. To prevent browning
D. To slow the growth of spoilage bacteria

A. To break down cellulose and speed up fermentation and color extraction

Which of the following is one of the levels of the Portuguese quality pyramid?

A. Vinho controllada
B. Vinho de origem
C. Vinho regional
D. Vinho verde

C. Vinho regional

In addition to Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, the third authorized grape variety for Champagne production is:

A. Pinot Blanc
B. Pinot Gris
C. Pinot Meunier
D. Sauvignon Blanc

C. Pinot Meunier

The most widely planted white and red grapes in the state of Washington are:

A. Chardonnay and Merlot
B. Chardonnay and Syrah
C. Riesling and Merlot
D. Riesling and Syrah

A. Chardonnay and Merlot

Which of the following lists Austrian Pradikatswein levels in increasing order by must weight?

A. Kabinett, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Ausbruch
B. Spatlese, Auslese, Trockenbeerenauslese, Ausbruch
C. Spatlese, Beerenauslese, Ausbruch, Trockenbeerenauslese
D. Spatlese, Kabinett, Auslese, Eiswein

C. Spatlese, Beerenauslese, Ausbruch, Trockenbeerenauslese

What is the liqueur de tirage?

A. A blend of yeast and sugar
B. A synonym for liqueur de expedition
C. A sweetening agent added to sherry before bottling
D. A sweetening agent added to vin doux naturels

A. A blend of yeast and sugar

How much wine is in a jeroboam?

A. Two bottles
B. Four bottles
C. Three bottles
D. Six bottles

B. Four bottles

Which of the following grape varieties is not grown in Burgundy?

A. Aligote
B. Chardonnay
C. Gamay
D. Melon de Bourgogne

D. Melon de Bourgogne

Edelfaule is:

A. A Bereich in the Rheingau
B. A field blend of two or more grape varieties
C. Noble rot
D. A synonym for Riesling used in the Rheingau

C. Noble Rot

The black wines of Cahors are made from:

A. Cabernet Sauvignon
B. Malbec
C. Syrah
D. Tannat

B. Malbec

Emilia-Romagna is known best for which wine product?

A. Barolo
B. Lambrusco
C. Prosecco
D. Taurasi

B. Lambrusco

Which of the following is located in the South of France?

A. Touraine
B. Minervois
C. Rully
D. Savennieres

B. Minervois

Legs or tears on the inside of the glass after swirling a dry wine indicate:

A. High acid
B. High alcohol
C. Low acid
D. Low alcohol

B. High alcohol

What are the three principle grape varieties in Spanish sparkling wine?

A. Malvasia, Trebbiano, Graciano
B. Xarel-lo, Macabeo, Parellada
C. Virua, Macabeo, Mazuelo
D. Malvasia, Vermentino, Garnacha

B. Xarel-lo, Macabeo, Parallada

Sherry from Jerez de la Frontera:

A. Is always dry when fortified and is always bottled dry
B. Is always dry when fortified but may be bottled dry or sweet
C. Is always sweet when fortified and is always bottled sweet
D. Is always sweet when fortified but may be bottled dry or sweet

B. Is always dry when fortified but may be bottled dry or sweet

DNA typing has determined that the ancestor to U. S. Zinfandel is a grape known as

A. Primitivo
B. Crljenak
C. Plavak Mali
D. Dobricic

B. Crljenak

Which of the following is not in Sonoma County?

A. Alexander Valley
B. Anderson Valley
C. Chalk Hill
D. Russian River Valley

B. Anderson Valley

Syrah is a cross between

A. Durif and Peloursin
B. Dureza and Mondeuse Blanche
C. Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc
D. Petit Sirah and Durif

B. Dureza and Mondeuse Blanche

What three grapes comprise Bardolino?

A. Corvina, Molinara, Rondinella
B. Montepulciano, Trebbiano, Malvasia
C. Molinara, Garganega, Verduzzo
D. Tocai, Aglianico, Cortese

A. Corvina, Molinara, Rondinella

Which of the following shows the correct progression during the grapevine's annual cycle?

A. Flowering, budbreak, veraison, berry set, harvest
B. Flowering, budbreak, berry set, veraison, harvest
C. Budbreak, flowering, veraison, berry set, harvest
D. Budbreak, flowering, berry set, veraison, harvest

D. Budbreak, flowering, berry set, veraison, harvest

What is a synonym for Chenin Blanc in South Africa?

A. Pinot de la Loire
B. Steen
C. Hannepoot
D. Pinotage

B. Steen

What is the most widely planted grape variety in New Zealand?

A. Chardonnay
B. Sauvignon Blanc
C. Merlot
D. Pinot Noir

B. Sauvignon Blanc

What are the four levels of quality for wine in France, in order from highest to lowest?

A. AOC, VDQS, vin de pays, vin de table
B. AOC, vin de pays, VDQS, vin de table
C. AOC, VDQS, vin de pays, vin regional
D. AOC, vin de pays, VDQS, vin regional

A. AOC, VDQS, vin de pays, vin de table

Which of the following wine regions is located in Chile?

A. Mendoza
B. Orange River Valley
C. Rapel Valley
D. Riverina

C. Rapel Valley

Name the wine and the corresponding region that is incorrectly paired.

A. Bardolino; Veneto
B. Sagrantino di Montefalco; Umbria
C. Franciacorta; Friuli
D. Gavi; Piedmont

C. Franciacorta; Friuli

All of the following AVAs are in the South Coast AVA except:

A. Cucamonga Valley
B. Lodi
C. Malibu-Newton Canyon
D. Temecula

B. Lodi

Catarratto, Grillo and Inzolia used to produce what fortified wine?

A. Madeira
B. Marsala
C. Port
D. Sherry

B. Marsala

In order to remove tartrates from a wine before bottling, a winemaker will

A. Heat stabilize
B. Cold stabilize
C. Fine
D. Filter

B. Cold stabilize

Carbonic maceration refers to

A. An inexpensive method of sparkling wine production
B. Whole berry fermentation
C. Extended skin contact
D. Skin contact before fermentation begins

B. Whole berry fermentation

The Los Carneros AVA is best known for which varietal wine?

A. Cabernet Sauvignon
B. Sauvignon Blanc
C. Pinot Noir
D. Pinot Grigio/Gris

C. Pinot Noir

Which of the following grape varieties is not grown in Alsace?

A. Cabernet Franc
B. Pinot Gris
C. Pinot Noir
D. Riesling

A. Cabernet Franc

What is Cava?

A. A dynamic, fractional blending system used to maintain house style in the production of Sherry
B. A sparkling wine region in Spain
C. The Spanish term for sparkling wine
D. The grape used to vinify Gavi

C. The Spanish term for sparkling wine

A fat, buttery white wine with aromas of apple, vanilla, and caramel is most likely

A. Sauvignon Blanc
B. Viognier
C. Chardonnay
D. Muscat

C. Chardonnay

How many alcoholic fermentations does a sparkling wine undergo if it is made in the traditional method or classic method?

A. One
B. Two
C. Three
D. Four

B. Two

What is a solera?

A. A fortified wine produced in Sicily
B. A heated warehouse used to maderized Madeira
C. A set of casks arranged in tiers representing one type of sherry from many different vintages
D. The highest quality designation for Marsala

C. A set of casks arranged in tiers representing one type of sherry from many different vintages

Which of the following has the least ability to retain water in the soil?

A. Clay
B. Organic matter
C. Sand
D. Silt

C. Sand

A tannic, high acid red with aromas of roses and tar is most likely

A. Cabernet Sauvignon
B. Pinot Noir
C. Cabernet Franc
D. Nebbiolo

D. Nebbiolo

What are phenolic compounds?

A. Pigments and tannins
B. Acids and alcohols
C. Esters and aldehydes
D. Sugars and glycerols

A. Pigments and tannins

When did Prohibition end in the USA?

A. 1919
B. 1920
C. 1933
D. 1945

C. 1933

How many grape varieties can be used in the production of port?

A. No more than 10
B. 20
C. 50
D. More than 80

D. More than 80

What wine is known as The Barolo of the South?

A. Taurasi
B. Salice Salentino
C. Aglianico del Vulture
D. Primitivo

A. Taurasi

The Sierra Foothills of California is famous for what grape variety?

A. Pinot Noir
B. Chardonnay
C. Zinfandel
D. Cabernet Sauvignon

C. Zinfandel

Which of the following is a hybrid grape variety?

A. Muller-Thurgau
B. Mission
C. Sangiovese Grosso
D. Seyval Blanc

D. Seyval Blanc

All of the following places are associated with Port production and the Port trade except:

A. Baixo Corgo
B. Oporto
C. Sant Sadurnadâ Anoia
D. Vila Nova de Gaia

C. Sant Sadurnadâ Anoia

In Bordeaux, Cabernet Sauvignon is most prevalent in:

A. Pomerol
B. Cadillac
C. The Medoc
D. St.-Emilion

C. The Medoc

How many grape varieties are allowed into the red Bordeaux blend?

A. Two
B. Three
C. Four
D. Five

D. Five

How many aromas can humans be trained to identify?

A. 100
B. 300
C. 1000
D. 10,000

C. 1000

What chemical compound is responsible for a vinegar aroma found in wine?

A. Ethyl Acetate
B. Acetic Acid
C. Lactic Acid
D. Butyric Acid

B. Acetic Acid

Which county is not part of the North Coast super-AVA?

A. Napa
B. Mendocino
C. Amador
D. Lake

C. Amador

What is a colheita port?

A. A single-vintage tawny
B. A single-vintage ruby
C. A vintage-character ruby
D. A single-quinta tawny

A. A single-vintage tawny

Which of the following is not a significant soil nutrient required by grapevines?

A. Nitrogen
B. Oxygen
C. Phosphorus
D. Potassium

B. Oxygen

What German wine region is best known for its red wines?

A. Rheingau
B. Ahr
C. Nahe
D. Franken

B. Ahr

Which of the following has the highest alcohol content in the bottle?

A. Amontillado
B. Fino
C. Manzanilla
D. Oloroso

D. Oloroso

Remuage is the French term for:

A. Gently shaking sparkling wine bottles to collect the dead yeast cells in the neck of the bottle
B. Removal of dead yeast cells by freezing them in a plug of frozen wine in neck of the bottle and opening the temporary closure
C. Removing finished sparkling wine from standard bottles into larger- or smaller-format bottles
D. Selecting the blend of base wines that will be used to make a sparkling wine

A. Gently shaking sparkling wine bottles to collect the dead yeast cells in the neck of the bottle

If a U.S. wine bottle carries a vineyard designation, by law what minimum percentage of the wine in the bottle must hail from the named vineyard?

A. 75%
B. 85%
C. 95%
D. 100%

C. 95%

What grape forms the backbone of the red blends of the Southern Rhone?

A. Syrah
B. Mouvedre
C. Grenache
D. Cinsault

C. Grenache

What is the name of the mountain range that separates Chile from Argentina?

A. The Southern Alps
B. The Andes
C. The Cascades
D. The Toltecs

B. The Andes

The Central Valley of California is responsible for approximately what percentage of California's total grape acreage?

A. 25%
B. 35%
C. 55%
D. 75%

C. 55%

Which of the following acids is most prevalent in wine?

A. Citric
B. Lactic
C. Malic
D. Tartaric

D. Tartaric

A high acid red with aromas of dried cherry, sun-baked earth and dried orange peel is most likely

A. Cabernet Sauvignon
B. Merlot
C. Gamay
D. Sangiovese

D. Sangiovese

Sugar can be legally added to a must pre-fermentation in some wine regions in order to

A. Boost the final alcohol level of the finished wine
B. Leave a little residual sugar in the finished wine
C. Mitigate the tart sensation of unripe acids
D. Soften tannin

A. Boost the final alcohol level of the finished wine

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