2 Written questions
2 Multiple choice questions
- Series of legislation addressing slavery and the boundaries of territories acquired during the Mexican-American War. California was admitted as a free state, Texas received financial compensation for relinquishing claim to lands West of the Rio Grande river, the territory of New Mexico was organized with popular sovereignty, the slave trade was abolished in Washington, D.C., and the Fugitive Slave Law was passed It temporarily defused sectional tensions in the United States, postponing the secession crisis and the American Civil War. Also repealed the compromise of 1820.
- Like the emergence of the Know-Nothing Party and Liberty Parties, it signaled the inability of the existing parties to contain the political passions slavery was creating. Important part of process that would lead to the collapse of the second party system in the 1850s.
1 True/False question
Fugitive Slave Act → a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders